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This site highlights research integrating agent-based modeling (ABM) techniques and ethnographic research methods in the study of drug addiction. The objectives of this agenda are to develop ABM's to reproduce the dynamics of: 1) addiction, 2) illegal drug market operations, as well as 3) other significant outcomes associated with drug use behavior.

Unlike complexity modeling in the biological sciences, the emphasis in social stimulation involves modeling social behaviors. The computational models presented are informed by, and intended to reproduce, contexts in which drug users interact, as well as the environments in which they use drugs.


To inform developing and programming ABM's, data were collected using ethnographic research methods. Since the 1960's, anthropologists have used ethnography to understand drug addiction, illegal drug use behaviors, and evaluate policy. To expand the analytical power of these endeavors, ABM offers a creative and potent new tool. This site is devoted to expanding the use of ABM in cultural anthropology




Lee D. Hoffer, Ph.D., M.P.E.

Department of Anthropology

Case Western Reserve University

Mather Memorial, Room 205

11220 Bellflower Road

Cleveland, Ohio 44106


PHONE: 216.368.2631