case western reserve university




March 25, 2006



North Korea, Taiwan, Tibet & South Asia


The world's most populous region, Asia faces challenges that are of concern not only to the parties most immediately involved, but to the rest of us as well. Global movements of people, goods, arms, and diseases shape the demographics, economics, politics, and health of nations far removed from their Asian sites of origin.

The Asian Studies Program at Case Western Reserve University has convened
a panel of renowned experts to focus on Asian security issues and analyze the challenges posed by nuclear weapons in North Korea, the independence movement in Taiwan, autonomy for Tibet, and the volatile mixture of religious extremism and nuclearization in South Asia.

The 2006 Asian Studies Conference is made possible with the support of the College of Arts and Sciences, the Presidential Initiative Fund for the Enhancement of the Humanities, and the Asian Studies Program.

Severance Hall — Entrance on East Blvd.
Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital — Entrance on Adelbert Rd.
Veale Center — Entrance on Adelbert Rd.

Surface Lot — Entrance on Adelbert Rd. (next to Ford Auditorium)

Conference Program

Saturday, March 25, 2006

MORNING SESSION:  10:30-11:30 a.m.

A Student Conversation with our Panel

Reservations required

Clark Hall, Room 206 · 11130 Bellflower Road
Cleveland, Ohio · (216) 368-8961

Open to students and faculty from area colleges ONLY. 
Space is limited; reservations required.  For reservations, click here

Join us for an informal conversation with our panel of experts:

· Ambassador Charles Kartman

· Alan D. Romberg

· Melvyn C. Goldstein

· Gerald J. Larson

AFTERNOON SESSION:  2:00-4:00 p.m.

Panel Presentations

Ford Auditorium Allen Memorial Medical Library · 11000 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, Ohio ·  (216) 368-8961

(Use the Adelbert Road Entrance)

FREE and open to the public.

"Tibet:  China's Achilles' Heel?"

Beneath the glitter of China’s remarkable economic success, serious problems linger that could destabilize that country. One of the most dangerous of these is the ethnic anger and hatred that is festering in Tibet and adjacent Xinjiang Province. The Tibet Question ? the long conflict over the political status of Tibet vis-à-vis China ? has reached a turning point. The Dalai Lama, now age 70, finds himself standing on the sidelines unable to impede or reverse changes in Tibet that he deplores, and the frustration engendered by this impotence has seriously heightened the danger of violence erupting in Tibet.  How the Tibet conflict has reached this juncture and where it is likely to go in the future will be examined.

Dr. Goldstein is a social anthropologist specializing in Tibetan society, history, and contemporary politics. He has conducted research with Tibetans in India, Nepal and since 1985, extensively in Tibet (the Tibet Autonomous Region of China). His research covers a range of topics including nomadic pastoralism, the impact of China’s economic and political reforms on rural Tibet, family planning and fertility, modern Tibetan history, and rural change/ development.  He has written 14 books and almost 100 articles and is recognized as one of the world’s leading experts on Tibet . His most recent  books are:  A History of Modern Tibet, 1951-59, Part One, 1951-55: The Calm Before the Storm (U. California Press, in press), A Tibetan Revolutionary: The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phüntso Wangye (U. California, 2004, with Dawei Sherap and William Siebenschuh), The New Tibetan-English Dictionary of Modern Tibetan, (U of California Press, 2001), Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet: Religious Revival and National Identity (U. of California Press, 1998, with Matthew Kapstein), and The Snow Lion and the Dragon: China, Tibet  and the Dalai Lama, (U. of California Press, 1997)

Dr. Goldstein's current projects include: an oral history of Tibet (which is creating a massive on-line WebArchive of thousands of interviews conducted in Tibet and India by Dr. Goldstein and his staff),  the history of Tibet in the 1950's, the history of the Cultural Revolution in Tibet, a longitudinal study of the impact of China's reform policies on rural Tibet (nomads and farmers) and a new NSF project to study in-depth the changing patterns of intergenerational relations in Tibet at different stages of modernization.  He is the John Reynold Harkness Professor of Anthropology and the Co-Director of the Center for Research on Tibet at Case Western Reserve University.

For more information on Melvyn C. Goldstein and the Center on Tibet, click here.

“The North Korean Nuclear Crisis: How We Got Here and What It Means"

North Korea is the only country with which the United States is still
at war, interrupted by an armistice since 1953. One of the world's worst abusers of human rights, North Korea is on the Terrorist List, and violates international laws daily. Its million-man army is a grave threat to our ally, the Republic of Korea, and our U.S. forces deployed there since the Korean War. It now also has an arsenal of nuclear weapons. The Six Party Talks hosted by the Chinese have made little progress, but have revealed fissures between the US and its South Korean ally. How did we get to this point? Where is it headed?

Charles Kartman served from 2001 until 2005 as Executive Director of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO), an international consortium established in 1995 to manage a $4.6 billion energy project in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Prior to that he was U.S. Special Envoy for the Korean Peace Talks and concurrently served as U.S. Representative to and Chairman of KEDO's Executive Board, until retiring from the Department of State in April 2001. From June 1996, Ambassador Kartman was Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs. He was Acting Assistant Secretary for much of 1997. He had previously served as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Seoul, Director for Korean Affairs at the Department of State in Washington, and Political Counselor in Seoul.

Ambassador Kartman is recognized for his expertise on Northeast Asia, having earlier specialized on Japanese affairs, working as a political officer in the Embassy in Tokyo, Consul General in Sapporo, and twice in the office of Japanese Affairs at the Department of State. Ambassador Kartman also held a variety of other positions focused on Asia: in the Department on politico-military Affairs; for the Under Secretary for Political Affairs; and on loan to the Congress.

Ambassador Kartman joined the State Department in 1975, after completion of a graduate program at Georgetown University. In his 26-year career, he received the Department’s highest honors: a multiple winner of the Department's Superior Honor Award, the James Clement Dunn Award for outstanding service, the Secretary's Distinguished Honor Award, and the Secretary’s Distinguished Service Award.

For more information on Ambassador Charles Kartman, click here.

“The Volatile Mixture of Religious Extremism and Nuclearization in India and Pakistan”

Former President Clinton commented in the year 2000, "South Asia is the most
dangerous place on earth." Even the events of 9/11 and the subsequent War on
Terrorism have not really changed that assessment, since many of the salient
geopolitical forces driving the current War on Terrorism are to be found in
South Asia. In the decade of the 1990s a variety of historical changes
occurred which brought about the decision of both India and Pakistan to go
nuclear. The end of the Cold War, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the seemingly endless cross-border tensions between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, the growing
influence of China in the Indo-Tibetan region, the emergence of militant
Islamist ideology, and the rise of conservative Hindu ideology all came
together to convince, first, India, and then, Pakistan, in May of 1998 to
become open nuclear weapons states. Dr. Larson will examine these and
other reasons for nuclearization and the reasons for the rise of militant
religious ideology and will offer some suggestions as to how these
forces might be contained.

Dr. Gerald J. Larson is Professor Emeritus, Religious Studies, UC Santa
Barbara, and Rabindranath Tagore Professor Emeritus of Indian Cultures and
Civilization, Indiana University, Bloomington. Dr. Larson is the author of
numerous books and well over 100 scholarly articles on cross-cultural
philosophy of religion, history of religions, classical Sanskrit and South
Asian history and culture. His most recent books include "India's Agony Over
Religion" (SUNY Press, 1995, and Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1997),
"Changing Myths and Images" (Indiana University Art Museum, 2000), and
"Religion and Personal Law in Secular India: A Call to Judgment" (Indiana
University Press,2002, and Social Science Press, New Delhi, 2002).

For more information on Gerald J. Larson, click here.

“The Taiwan Question: Managing Peace, Shaping the Future”

In seeking to manage the problems created by the People’s Republic of China’s claim to sovereignty over Taiwan vs. the growing claim in Taiwan to sovereign, independent status, the United States has warned Beijing not to assume we would stay out of any fight, and cautioned Taipei not to assume we would get into it. The principal goal has been to maintain peace and stability between Taiwan and the mainland until they can come to a peaceful, mutually acceptable political accommodation.

In response to the growing sense of Taiwanese identity, Beijing has enhanced its military deterrent against a move to formal “Taiwan independence,” and the U.S. has countered with arms sales to the island and continued enhancement of its own capabilities against a rapidly modernizing People’s Liberation Army. Under its “one China policy,” the political challenge for the United States is twofold: to avoid frontally contradicting Beijing’s claim to sovereignty over Taiwan (though not endorsing it or acquiescing in a coerced unification scheme) while blocking any move on the island toward de jure separate status.

Alan D. Romberg has dealt with these questions in and out of government for over forty years and has written a book about them.  He will talk about current trends and future challenges presented by this testy issue, the only current problem that, in his view, could lead to major power war.  Mr. Romberg is a Senior Associate and Director of the East Asia Program at the Henry L. Stimson Center.

For more information on Alan D. Romberg, click here.