Publications are in reverse chronological order.


K. Lee, D. Jeong, R. C. Schindler, L. E. Hlavaty, S. L. Gross, and E. J. Short, "TAG-Games for Cognitive Assessment of Young Children: Design and Preliminary Evaluation." Frontiers in Pediatrics

X. Cheng, G. Jiang, Y. N. Laker, and K. Lee. IntuBot: Design and Prototyping of a Robotic Intubation Device, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2018), May 2018, Brisbane, Australia (in press)


D. Jeong and K. Lee, "Design and Analysis of an Origami-Based Three-Finger Manipulator," Robotica, 36(2), 261-274.

Y. Wang and K. Lee, “Origami-inspired semi-soft robotic mechanisms” NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, July 24-27, 2017

T. Liu, Y. Wang, and K. Lee, “Three-Dimensional Printable Origami Twisted Tower: Design, Fabrication, and Robot Embodiment” (2018) IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 3(1): 116-123, (Presented at IROS 2017)


K. Lee, D. Jeong, R. C. Shinder, and E. J. Short, "SIG-Blocks: Tangible Game Technology for Automated Cognitive Assessment," Computers in Human Behavior, 2016 (in press) DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.08.023


D. Jeong and K. Lee, “iSIG-Blocks: Interactive Creation Blocks for Tangible Geometric Games,” IEEE Transaction on Consumer Electronics, Vol. 61, Issue 4, pp. 420-428, November 2015. DOI: 10.1109/TCE.2015.7389795.

B. Floyd and K. Lee, “Implementation of Vision-based Object Tracking Algorithms for Motor Skill Assessments,” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. Vol. 6, Issue 6. DOI: 10.14569/IJACSA.2015.060639.

D. Jeong and K. Lee, “An Amphibious Robot with Reconfigurable Origami Wheels for Locomotion in Dynamic Environment,” accepted for International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Houston, TX, November13-19, 2015.


D. Jeong and K. Lee, "Distributed Sensing and Communication Algorithms for Homogeneous Swarm Robots," International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems, November 2014, Daegeon, Korea.

K. Lee and D. Jeong, "Memorix: A Tangible Memory Game using iSIG-Blocks," IEEE Games, Entertainment, and Media Conference, October 2014, Toronto, Canada.

E. VenderHoff, D. Jeong, and K. Lee, "OrigamiBot-I: A Thread-Actuated Origami Robot for Manipulation and Locomotion" in the Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2014), Chicago, IL, USA, September 2014.

C. Puehn, T. Liu, Y. Feng, K. Hornfeck and K. Lee, "Design of a Low-Cost Social Robot: Towards Personalized Human-Robot Interaction," International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Crete, Greece, June, 2014. Also published in Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, Aging and Assistive Environments, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8515, 2014, pp 704-713

D. Jeong and K. Lee, "Dispersion and Line Formation in Artificial Swarm Intelligence," Collective Intelligence 2014, MIT, June, 2014.


G. Kaloutsakis, A. Reimer, D. Jeong, and K. Lee, "Design and Evaluation of a Multi-Sensor Unit for Measuring Physiological Stressors of Medical Transport," 2013 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 2013, San Diego, US.

D. Jeong and K. Lee, "InchBot: A Novel Microrobotic Platform,"IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Robots and Systems (IROS 2013), November 2013, Tokyo, Japan.

F. Bellotti, B. Kapralos, K. Lee, P. Moreno-Ger, and R. Berta, "Assessment in and of Serious Games: An Overview," (Review Article) Advances in Human-Computer Interaction (2013), Article ID 136864.

D. Jeong and K. Lee, "Directional RSS-Based Localization of Multi-Robot Applications," 12th WSEAS International Conference on Signal Processing, Robotics, and Automation, Cambridge, UK, February 2013.


Y. Zhang, K. Hornfeck and K. Lee, "Adaptive Face Recognition for Low-Cost, Embedded Human-Robot Interaction," The 12th International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems, June 26-29, 2012, Jeju Island, Korea. Also available at Intelligence Autonomous Systems 12, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (2013), 193: 863-872.

K. Hornfeck, Y. Zhang and K. Lee, "Philos: A Sociable Robot for Human Robot Interactions and Wireless health Monitoring," The 27th Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC 2012), Riva del Garda, Italy, Mar. 26-30, 2012 (Extended Abstract)

D. Jeong, B. Floyd, and K. Lee, " SmartBall: Toward Interactive Play for Infants," TEI'12: Sixth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction. Feb 19-22 2012, Kingston, ON, Canada.

B. Floyd, D. Jeong, and K. Lee, " Geometric Games for Assessing Cognitive, Working Memory, and Motor Control Skills," TEI'12: Sixth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction. Feb 19-22 2012, Kingston, ON, Canada.


K. Lee, D. Jeong, B. Floyd, R. Cooper and E. Short, "Games for Automated Assessments of Cognitive and Fine-Motor Skills: Design and Preliminary Evaluation," presented at the 5th Annual International Conference on Psychology, 30-31 May & 1-2 June, 2011 (Abstract only).

D. Jeong and K. Lee, "Quantitative Analysis of Muscle Activations and Real-time Simulations for Two Pitching Motions, Overhand Pitching and Sidearm Pitching," 2011 Annual Meeting of Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES 2011), Hartford, Connecticut, Oct. 2011.


D. Jeong, E. Kerci and K. Lee, "TaG-Games: Tangible Geometric Games for Assessing Cognitive Problem-Solving Skills and Fine Motor Proficiency," IEEE International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration, Salt Lake City, Utah, September 5-7, 2010, pp. 32-37.

K. Lee and G. S. Chirikjian, "An Autonomous Robot that Duplicates Itself from Low-Complexity Components," IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2010), Anchorage, Alaska, May 3-8, 2010.

D. Jeong, E. Kerci and K. Lee, "Sensor-Integrated Geometric Blocks: Towards Interactive Play-Based Assessment of Young Children," International Workshop on Interactive Systems in Healthcare (CHI-WISH 2010), Atlanta, GA, April 10-11, 2010.


K. Lee, G. Kaloutsakis and J. Couch, "Towards Social-Therapeutic Robots: How to Strategically Implement a Robot for Social Group Therapy?," IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation (CIRA 2009), Daejeon, Korea, Dec. 2009.

2004 - 2008

K. Lee, M. Moses and G. S. Chirikjian, "Robotic Self-Replication in Partially Structured Environments: Physical Demonstrations and Complexity Measures," International Journal of Robotics Research, Vol. 27, Issue 3-4, pp. 387-401, March 2008.

K. Lee and G. S. Chirikjian, "Robotic Self-Replication from Low-Complexity Parts," IEEE Robotic and Automation Magazine, Vol. 14, Issue 4, pp. 34-43, December 2007.

K. Lee and G. S. Chirikjian, "Measures of Efficiency and Complexity for Self-Replicating Robotic Systems," International Conference on Advanced Robotics, Jeju, Korea, Aug. 21-24, 2007.

S. Eno, L. Mace, J. Liu, B. Benson, K. Raman, K. Lee, M. Moses, G.S. Chirikjian, "Robotic Self-Replication in a Structured Environment without Computer Control," IEEE International Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation, Jacksonville, FL, Jun. 20-23, 2007.

A. Liu, M. Sterling, D. Kim, A. Pierpont, A. Schlothauer, M. Moses, K. Lee, G. S. Chirikjian, "A Memoryless Robot that Assembles Seven Subsystems to Copy Itself," IEEE International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Jul. 22-25, 2007.

K. Lee, Y. Wang and G. S. Chirikjian, "O(n) Mass Matrix Inversion for Serial Manipulators and Polypeptide Chains using Lie derivatives," Robotica, Vol. 25, Issue 6, pp.739-750, November 2007.

K. Lee, M. Moses and M. Kutzer, "Self-Replicating Robots for Space Exploration," AIAA 2nd Space Exploration Conference, Houston, TX, 4-6, Dec. 2006 (poster exhibition).

K. Lee and G. S. Chirikjian, "An Autonomous Self-Replicating Robot in a Partially Structured Environment," AIAA Region I YPSE-06, JHU, APL, Laurel, MD, 10-11, Nov. 2006 (abstract).

K. Lee, M. Moses, G. S. Chirikjian, "Robotic Self-Replication in Structured and Adaptable Environments," Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems Workshop on Self-reconfigurable Modular Robots (Extended Abstract), Philadelphia, Aug. 2006.

A New Perspective on O(N) Mass-Matrix Inversion for Serial Revolute Manipulators," IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Barcelona, Spain, Apr. 2005.

K. Lee and G. S. Chirikjian, "O(n) Inversion of Mass-Matrix for Hyper-Redundant Manipulators and Polymer Chains," MUSME 2005, Uberlandia, Brazil, Mar. 2005.

W. Park, D. Albright, C. Addleston, W.K. Won, K. Lee, G.S. Chirikjian, "Robotic Self-Repair in a Semi-Structured Environment," Robosphere 2004, NASA Ames, CA, Nov. 2004.