Forward Thinking: 1900s
William Brett, father of the open-shelf library system, whereby patrons are free to select books without the help of a librarian, joins the Western Reserve University Library School. His method, which critics had claimed would result in theft and pandemonium, led to doubled circulation, fewer lost books and a reduced staffing need.
Medical faculty member George W. Crile performs world's first modern blood transfusion using a cannula to join blood vessels.
Albert A. Michelson, one of the first faculty members of the Case School of Applied Science, becomes the first American scientist to win the Nobel Prize.