Glossary of Research and Grant Terminology
(All definitons taken from the NIH website.)
Awarded Direct Costs
See Direct Costs.
Career Development Awards (CDA K Series)
Award supporting Ph.D.s and clinicians who wish to develop a career in biomedical research.
Conflict of interest
Regulations to ensure Government employees, scientific review group members, Council members, or others having the ability to influence funding decisions have no personal interest in the outcome.
Those costs that can be specifically identified with a particular project, program or activity.
Facilities and Administrative Costs (F&A)
Costs that are incurred by a grantee for common or joint objectives and cannot be identified specifically with a particular project or program. These costs are also known as "indirect costs."
See Facilities and Administrative Costs (F&A).
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
IRBs are set up by research institutions to ensure the protection of rights and welfare of human research subjects participating in research conducted under their auspices. IRBs make an independent determination to approve, require modifications in, or disapprove research protocols based on whether human subjects are adequately protected, as required by federal regulations and local institutional policy.
Notice of Award (NoA)
The legally binding document
* notifying the grantee and others that an award has been made
* contains or references all terms and conditions of the award
* documenting the obligation of Federal funds
may be in letter format and may be issued electronically. Previously known as Notice of Grant Award (NGA).
Previously known as Notice of Grant Award (NGA).
Principal Investigator (PI)
An individual designated by the grantee to direct the project or activity being supported by the grant. He or she is responsible and accountable to the grantee and NIH for the proper conduct of the project or activity.
Also known as Program Director or Project Director.
Fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reporting research, or in reporting research results.
* Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.
* Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that research is not accurately represented in the research record.
* Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit. The term does not include honest error or honest differences of opinion.
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