="mso-spacerun: yes"> Not all asthma programs have to be completely toward asthma education—they can also be indirectly related to asthma control. This program was developed by the American Lung Association and the Environmental Protection Agency with the intention of improving indoor air quality (Asthma Programs). As a result of such preventative activities being implemented in schools, children will be able to breath better while in the classroom and fewer allergens will be present to trigger asthma attacks.
5. “AsthmATTACK!” This is a $25 million campaign founded by the American Lung Association. The goal of this program is to “raise crucial funds to support the nationwide Asthma Research Initiative—the most ambitious research effort ever undertaken by a single voluntary organization” (Asthma Programs). Researchers will be examining environmental and biological causes of asthma and correlating this data to ethnicity, genetics, and other traits of asthmatics (Asthma Programs).
6. “National Asthma Education and Prevention Program.” This program was founded in March 1989 with several prospective goals in mind:
Not only does this program target educating asthmatics, but it also targets volunteers, health care professionals, community organizations, and the public (NAEPP). It also established the “Expert Panel Report: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma” in order to help organize public health educational efforts throughout the nation (NAEPP).
7. “National Asthma Control Program.” This program was initiated in 1999 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in order to “reduce the number of deaths, hospitalizations, emergency room visits, school or work days missed, and limitations on activity due to asthma” (National Asthma). Three major steps are used in order to reach these objectives: tracking, interventions, and partnerships (National Asthma). During 2003, the CDC plans on conducting the following large-scale public health program to promote asthma awareness: “11 tracking projects, 48 asthma interventions, and 33 asthma partnership projects” using the $35.2 million it appropriated in 2002 (National Asthma).
8. “National Asthma Educator Certification board.” This program was established by the American Lung Association in order to train nurses and respiratory therapists to have a strong background in asthma management, care, and prevention. Participants are then tested and certified to be an asthma educator (Robbins). As more certified educators are working in society, they will be able to enforce more public awareness and understanding about asthma, as well as uphold their mission, which is “to promote optimal asthma management and quality of life among individuals with asthma, their families and communities” (Update).
9. “Policy Committee” (on reimbursement policy). The Cleveland Coalition is currently working on a project in order to reimburse the hourly rate of asthma educators through Medicaid Health Maintenance Organizations (Robbins). Primary care physicians (PCPs) are usually the asthma educators when a patient is treated for the chronic disease, but these physicians do not have enough time to properly and fully educate asthma patients due to time constraints. As a result, this program will allow the patient to visit the PCP, and then go across the hall to an asthma educator who will charge less and spend more time explaining the disease and how to treat and prevent asthma attacks (Robbins). One argument that the Coalition is using to support this project is that emergency room visits and hospitalization due to asthma episodes will cost much more than paying for this program. This project is still at the beginning of development, but PCPs agree with the Coalition that this program is necessary and needed (Robbins).
10. “Camp SUPERKIDS® 2003.” This is an extremely important program for children, because it is “designed to teach asthma self-management skills while allowing children with asthma to enjoy an outdoor living experience while under the supervision of an on-site volunteer medical staff of physicians, nurses and respiratory therapists” (Camp). There is another major advantage of this program—it is open to all asthmatic children within this ages of 7 and 12, because there is no cost to enroll and attend the camp, although voluntary contributions are welcome (Camp). By participating in this camp, children are able to have fun, while at the same time learn about how to identify symptoms of an asthma attack and how to use their asthma medications properly (Camp).
Ten Beneficial Websites To-Be-Used as References
1. “Asthma and Smoking.” www.ash.org.uk/html/passive/html/asthma.html.
2. “Asthma Care in America Falls Far Short of National Treatment Standards.” www.asthmainamerica.com/newsreleases/nhd_eng.htm.
3. “Asthma Programs.” www.ohiolung.org/asthma_programs.htm.
4. “Fact Sheet: Asthma in Adults.” www.lungusa.org/asthma/aduasthmfac99.html.
5. “National Asthma Control Program.” www.cdc.gov/nceh/airpollution/asthma/program.htm.
6. “Open Airways for Schools Program.” www.lungusa.org/events/astopen.html.
7. “Study Links Air Pollution, Ozone, and Asthma.” www.sinusnews.com/Articles2/air-pollution-ozone-asthma.html.
8. “Trends in Asthma Morbidity and Mortality.” www.lungusa.org/data/asthma/ASTHMAdt.pdf.
9. “Preventing Attacks.” Chris Woolston. www.ahealthyadvantage.com/topic/asthmaprevent.
10. “What Causes Attacks.” Chris Woolston. www.ahealthyadvantage.com/topic/asthmaattacks.
Asthma is a very serious chronic disease that affects millions of children, adolescents, and adults each year. There is no known cause of the disease, but it is possible to limit the onset of attacks by recognizing and avoiding the triggers of asthma attacks. Through the use of various asthma organizations—at the local, state, and national levels—it is possible to increase asthma awareness and educate individuals about this chronic disease. Many different asthma programs are currently being implemented throughout the United States, and they are reaching asthmatics in schools, physician offices, and inner-city communities. A major focus of these projects is education, as opposed to simply treatment. If people are taught about the underlying cause of asthma attacks, they will be able to understand more about their disease. Another important aspect of these programs is that they help individuals understand that long-term medications, as opposed to quick-acting inhalers, are vital components of asthma care. All of these public health measures have significantly aided in drawing nationwide attention to this disease, and with further support, it may be possible to decrease the number of emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and missed workdays and schooldays for asthmatics in all age groups.
Asthma and Other Allergic Diseases: NIAID Task Force Report. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: National Institutes of Health. 1979.
“About World Asthma Day.” 13 April 2003. World Asthma Day. 2003. www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/lung/asthma/wad/about.htm.
“Asthma and Smoking.” 5 February 2003. Action on Smoking and Health. June 2002.
“Asthma Basics.” 5 February 2003. NIAID: Focus on Asthma. 30 August 2001. www.niaid.nih.gov/newsroom/focuson/asthma01/basics.htm.
“Asthma Care in America Falls Far Short of National Treatment Standards.” 8 February 2003.
Asthma in America. 4 December 1998. www.asthmainamerica.com/newsreleases/nhd_eng.htm.
“Asthma Prevalence, Health Care Use and Mortality, 2000-2001.” 9 April 2003. CDC: National Centers for Health Statistics. 28 January 2003. www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/hestats/asthma/asthma.htm.
“Asthma Programs.” 13 April 2003. American Lung Association of Ohio. 2002. www.ohiolung.org/asthma_programs.htm.
“Camp SUPERKIDS® 2003.” 14 April 2003. American Lung Association of Ohio. 2002. www.ohiolung.org/Camp2003.htm.
“Child and Adult Asthma Symptoms.” 8 February 2003. About Asthma. 25 January 2003.
“Childhood and Adult Onset Asthma Symptoms, Causes and Risks.” 8 February 2003. About Asthma. 25 January 2003. www.about-asthma.com.
“Childhood Asthma: An Overview.” 17 March 2003. American Lung Association. 2002.
“Cleveland, OH.” 8 February 2003. Asthma in America: A Landmark Survey. 2003.
“Common Causes of Asthma: Allergic and Non-Allergic.” 8 February 2003. About Asthma.
25 January 2003. www.about.asthma.com/html/causes.php3.
“Fact Sheet: Asthma in Adults.” 8 February 2003. American Lung Association. March 2002.
Harris, M. Coleman, and Norman Shure. All About Allergy. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1969.
“Indoor Air—Secondhand Smoke.” 16 March 2003. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 10 February 2003. www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/etsbro.html.
“Missing the Mark: U.S. Not Meeting Asthma Goals.” 8 February 2003. Asthma in America.
“National Asthma Control Program.” 9 April 2003. CDC: Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch. 28 January 2003. www.cdc.gov/nceh/airpollution/asthma/program.htm.
“National Asthma Education and Prevention Program.” 13 April 2003. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. 2002. www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/naepp/naep_pd.htm.
“NIAID Study: Cockroaches Important Cause of Asthma Morbidity Among Inner-City Children.” 16 March 2003. National Institutes of Health. 7 May 1997. www.nih.gov/news/pr/may97/niaid-7a.htm.
“Open Airways for Schools Program.” 13 April 2003. American Lung Association. 2002. www.lungusa.org/events/astopen.html.
Robbins, Norman. Personal interview. 10 April 2003.
Samet, Jonathan M. “Asthma and the environment: do environmental factors affect the incidence and prognosis of asthma?” Toxicology Letters. 82/83 (December 1995). 33- 38.
Shapiro, Gail G., and James W. Stout. “Childhood Asthma in the United States: Urban Issues.” Pediatric Pulmonology. 33: 1 (January 2002). 47-55.
“Study Links Air Pollution, Ozone, and Asthma.” 8 February 2003. Sinus News. 1 October 2002. www.sinusnews.com/Articles2/air-pollution-ozone-asthma.html.
“Trends in Asthma Morbidity and Mortality.” 8 February 2003. American Lung Association. February 2002. www.lungusa.org/data/asthma/ASTHMAdt.pdf.
“Update on Asthma Certification.” 14 April 2003. American Lung Association. 2002. www.lungusa.org/asthma/asthma_cert.html.
Woolston, Chris. “Preventing Attacks.” 16 March 2003. aHealthy Advantage. 11 March 2003. www.ahealthyadvantage.com/topic/asthmaprevent.
Woolston, Chris. “Smoking and Asthma.” 8 February 2003. aHealthy Advantage. 27 March 2002. www.ahealthyadvantage.com/topics/asthmasmoke.
Woolston, Chris. “What Causes Attacks.” 16 March 2003. aHealthy Advantage. 11 March 2003. www.ahealthyadvantage.com/topic/asthmaattacks.
Young, Patrick. Asthma and Allergies: An Optimistic Future. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: National Institutes of Health. 1980.