Science Café Cleveland presents


The Illusion of Harmlessness

Misconceptions and Realities of Antibiotic Use


MAY 8, 2017




Robin L.P. Jump, M.D., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, CWRU, Division of Infectious Diseases & HIV Medicine, Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center (GRECC), Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center


Rebecca R. Carter

Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, CWRU



The rise of antibiotic resistance is an evolving global public health crisis. Each year, antibiotic-resistant bacteria cause over 2.5 million infections and 23,000 deaths. Our research suggests that while the American public understands that antibiotic misuse contributes to antibiotic resistance, many do not consider it to be an important problem. Antibiotic stewardship seeks to combat the spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria by ensuring that people receive the right dose of the right antibiotic, by the right route, for the right amount of time, and only when necessary.


The goal of antibiotic stewardship is to minimize unnecessary and inappropriate use. Antibiotic stewardship programs are being implemented in an increasing number of hospitals, where experts estimate that 50% of antibiotic use is inappropriate or unnecessary. Recent changes in federal regulations promote antibiotic stewardship in hospitals and, for the first time, in nursing homes as well.


Antibiotics are a shared resource and, as more bacteria becomes resistant, are becoming a scare resource. We will discuss how everyone can help preserve our existing antibiotics by supporting appropriate use of antibiotics for themselves and their family members. We will also focus on why antibiotic use in nursing homes is of particular interest.


"Antiobiotic Resistance Threats in the United States, 2013." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

TED Ideas worth spreading. "Ramanan Laxminarayan: The coming crisis in antibiotics" TEDMED 2014. 14:42. Filmed Sep 2014.

EurekAlert! "Antibiotic resistance just became more complex." University of Groningen. 27-Dec-2016

Ramanan Laxminarayan, Director and Senior Fellow, The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy.

Ranit Mishori. "No Z-Pak for You!*" The Huffington Post | The Blog. 11/19/2015 | Updated 11/19/2016

Kate Baggaley. "Exactly how bad is antibiotic resistance right now? A woman in the US recently died from a superbug that no antibiotics could treat." Popular Science. February 3, 2017.

Deborah J. Nelson, David Rohde, Benjamin Lesser, and Rayn McNeill. "How hospitals, nursing homes keep lethal "superbug" outbreaks secret" Reuters Investigates. Part 4: Deadly Science. Dec. 22, 2016


If the discussion topic for this month's Science Cafe has the gears turning and you are interested in continuing your quest for information, click here to view just a small sample of what's available at Cleveland Public Library on the subject and/or related topics.




The Music Box Supper Club - Concert Hall

1148 Main Avenue

Cleveland, Ohio 44113



May 8, 2017

Doors will be open 5:30 - 9:00 PM (Last call at 8:45PM). Presentation and discussion is 7:00 - 8:00 PM. The Concert Hall will also host a limited menu before and during the event. Not to mention a full bar! (Click here to view menu). Come early, get a good seat, grab a bite and a beverage and enjoy the discussion!



Sponsored by Case Western Reserve University chapter of Sigma Xi, WCPN ideastream, and the Music Box Supper Club.