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Encyclopedia of Cleveland History

CLEVELAND HERALD AND GAZETTE

CLEVELAND HERALD AND GAZETTE

The CLEVELAND HERALD AND GAZETTE was first published on 19 Oct. 1819. It was the city's second newspaper and, after the death of the Register in 1820, its only newspaper for the next 7 years. It was founded by Eber D. Howe, who personally delivered the weekly to subscribers in a 2-day circuit on horseback to Painesville and back, and often accepted payment in kind. After Howe's withdrawal in 1821, with circulation painfully built up to 300, the paper was published by its printer, Ziba Willes & Co. Willes ran the paper for several years, after which it was briefly operated by Jewett Paine and John R. St. John. Benjamin Andrews assumed control on 17 Apr. 1832. Following the lead of the CLEVELAND ADVERTISER, he dropped the a from "Cleaveland" in the paper's title and, in 1835, made the Herald Cleveland's first daily newspaper. In 1837 JOSIAH A. HARRIS and CHAS. WHITTLESEY purchased the Herald and combined it with the CLEVELAND DAILY GAZETTE as the Herald & Gazette. Whittlesey left the partnership in 1838, leaving Harris as sole editor of the Herald, which resumed its former name in 1843. Under Harris, the Herald established itself as the city's chief Whig organ, prospering in spite of its opposition to the Mexican-American War. It installed the city's first steam-power press in 1845 and moved into its own 4-story building on Bank (W. 6th) St. at the beginning of 1851. It was receiving news by telegraph by 1847 and, in conjunction with the PLAIN DEALER, arranged to receive the reports of the Associated Press from New York in 1854.

Cleveland Herald & Gazette

With the retirement of Harris in 1857, the Herald passed into the hands of GEO. A. BENEDICT and Abel W. Fairbanks, Harris's partner since 1850. After the death of the Whigs, it switched its allegiance to the Republicans, but its support lagged behind that given to the newly formed CLEVELAND LEADER. While the Leader became an early proponent of emancipation in the Civil War, the Herald tried to hold the line as long as possible for the Crittenden Resolution, which declared the war's sole purpose to be the preservation of the Union. By the time of Benedict's death in 1876, the Leader had passed the Herald as the city's leading newspaper. Fairbanks sold the paper in 1877 to RICHARD C. PARSONS and WM. P. FOGG, who organized the Herald Publishing Co. by the end of that year. Among the investors was MARCUS A. HANNA, who eventually assumed personal management of the paper after the withdrawal of Parsons in 1880. In a final attempt to keep up with the Leader, the Herald began a Sunday edition in 1877 and appointed Robt. S. Pierce as Cleveland's first sports editor. Hanna eventually wrote off the Herald as a bad investment and sold it in 1885 to the Leader and the Plain Dealer, which sealed its fate. Its name and subscription list went to the Leader, while the Plain Dealer moved into the Herald plant and immediately began issuing a morning edition with much of the Herald's staff. Editorial writer JOHN H. A. BONE wrote the Herald's obituary, considered a local journalistic classic, in its final edition of 15 Mar. 1885.


Shaw, Archer H. The Plain Dealer (1942).