HORVATH, HELEN (21 Jan. 1872-15 July 1943), born Helen Zalavary, was a Hungarian immigrant who promoted sensitive Americanization as a means of combating the intolerance of more established immigrants through her "Speak United States," "See United States" philosophy. She encouraged newcomers to remember their own culture while learning enough about America to exploit its opportunities. Horvath came to Cleveland in 1897 and was politicized by an incident in a store where a clerk mocked her accent. She studied English until her pronunciation was perfect and started language classes for other immigrants. In 1901 Horvath opened a school for Hungarian newcomers, where she imparted a working knowledge of English and American ways with the goal of making her students self-confident, hyphenated Americans. By
Papp, Susan. Hungarian Americans and Their Communities in Cleveland (1981).