Several hundred men and women in the entertainment industry were blacklisted during the 1940s and 1950s in one of the saddest and most complex episodes of America’s cultural history. How and why did it start? Victor Navasky has interviewed hundreds of participants on both sides of the issue and has captured the painful history of the period. Why did Elia Kazan name names? Why did his close friend, Arthur Miller refuse? What were the consequences of their decisions?