This discussion-based course picks up where Part 1 left off, but participation in Part 1 is not a prerequisite. It explores the second half of Thucydides’ history of the Peloponnesian War (421-411). Emphasis is on his analysis of the strategies and policies Athens and Sparta pursued and of the war’s psychological and moral toll (e.g., Athens’ destruction of Melos for remaining neutral Athens’ disastrous campaign in Sicily). Because Thucydides died before completing his history, we conclude with Xenophon’s account, contained in his Hellenica, of the final eight years of the war and of Sparta’s imposition of a tyrannical oligarchy on defeated Athens and the overthrow of that oligarchy. We also examine a speech by Lysias detailing the crimes of Eratosthenes, one of the most corrupt and violent oligarchs.
Read: Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, translated by Martin Hammond, or other translation. Texts of Xenophon’s Hellenica and Lysias, Against Eratosthenes will be provided.