When the countries of central and eastern Europe emerged from Soviet control, it was thought that Poland and Hungary were two of the three countries (Czechoslovakia being the third) with the best chance to emerge as fully functioning liberal democratic states. They had a deserved reputation for democratic progress.
By the early 21st century, and especially since 2010, Poland and Hungary have crafted what they term "illiberal" democracies, overhauling constitutional rights, changing electoral laws, undermining judicial independence, dominating the media, stressing ethnic identity, and indulging in renewed anti-Semitism, hate speech, and conspiracy theories. This course examines historical and other factors contributing to the growth of this phenomenon.
Fee covers both Senior Scholars Tuesdays courses: Twenty-First Century Anti-Semitism and Its Origins AND The Growth of Illiberal Democracy in Poland and Hungary.