Esther I. Bernhofer, PhD, RN-BC

Associate Professor
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing

Teaching Information

Teaching Interests

  • Management of  acute and chronic pain
  • Ethics
  • Qualitative methodology
  • Theory
  • Evidence-based practice

Research Information

Research Interests

  • Values-based pain management
  • Pain management education
  • Bioethics
  • Development and psychometric testing of knowledge tests and survey instruments
  • Concept analysis and theory development

Awards and Honors

Distinguished Nurse of the Year Award Nominee
March of Dimes (Ohio)
Research Poster of the Year
American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN)
Faces of Care Award - Nursing Research
Cleveland Clinic
Nancy M. Albert Excellence in Nursing Research Award
American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN) Clinical Practice
Nurses Educational Funds Scholarship for Doctoral Studies


Bernhofer, E. I., & Burchill, C. N.  (in press). Developing and evaluating multiple-choice tests for trustworthiness.  Journal for Nurses in Professional Development

Green, J., & Bernhofer, E. I. (2018). Effectiveness of a patient education plan on knowledge of post‐op venous thromboembolism survival skills. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(7-8), e1485-e1493. 

Rosenberger, J., Bernhofer, E. I., McCrudden, S., Johnson, R. (2017). Medication adherence in a cardiac ambulatory setting: the challenge continues. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 22(3). doi: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol22No03PPT51

Bernhofer, E. I., Marie, B. S., & Bena, J. F. (2017). A New Clinical Pain Knowledge Test for Nurses:   Development and Psychometric Evaluation. Pain Management Nursing, 18(4), 224-233. doi:

Bernhofer, E. I., Masina, V. M., Sorrell, J., & Modic, M. B. (2017). The pain experience of patients hospitalized with inflammatory bowel disease: a phenomenological study. Gastroenterology Nursing, 40(3), 200-207. doi: 10.1097/SGA.0000000000000137.

Irvin, C., Sedlak, E., Walton, C., Collier, S., & Bernhofer, E. I. (2017). Hospital acquired pressure
injury rates: the significance of the advanced practice registered nurses’ role in a community    hospital. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (JAANP), 29(4), 203-208. 

Bernhofer, E.I., Hosler, R. & Karius, D. (2016). Nurses’ written responses to pain management values education: a content analysis. Pain Management Nursing, 17(6) 384-391.

Bernhofer, E.I. (2016). Investigating the concept of rest for research and practice. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(5), 1012–1022. doi: 10.1111/jan.12910

Bernhofer, E.I. (2015). Reviewing the literature: essential first step in research, quality improvement, and implementation of evidence-based practice. Journal for Nurses in Professional Development, 31(4), 191-196. doi: 10.1097/NND.0000000000000171

Bernhofer, E. I., & Sorrell, J. M. (2015). Nurses managing patients’ pain may experience moral distress. Clinical Nursing Research, 24(4) 401–414.    doi: 10.54773814533124.

Bernhofer, E., Higgins, P. A., Daly, B. J., Burant, C. J., & Hornick, T. R. (2014). Hospital lighting and its association with sleep, mood, and pain in medical inpatients. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 70(5), 1164–1173. doi: 10.1111/jan.12282


Doctor of Philosophy
Case Western Reserve University
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
University of Akron

Additional Information


  • Board Certified in Pain Management Nursing 
    American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)  
  • Certified Pain Educator (CPE) 
    American Society for Pain Educators (ASPE)

Fellowship and Intensive Training

  • Graduate Assistantship in Areas of National Need (GAANN) Fellowship
  • Pain Methodologies Workshop
  • National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), National Institutes of Health (NIH)