Susan M. Ludington, PhD, RN, CKC, FAAN

Carl W. and Margaret Davis Walter Professor of Pediatric Nursing
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing

Teaching Information

Teaching Interests

  • Neonatal Nursing
  • Maternal-Child Health
  • Nurse-Midwifery

Research Information

Research Interests

  • Kangaroo Care and its effects on neonatal health
  • Postnatal collapse in newborns
  • Modernizing the APGAR scoring system

Research Projects


  • Principal Investigator, "Effect of Skin Contact on Electrophysiologic Sleep in Preterm Infants," National Institutes of Health-National Institute of Nursing Research, 5 RO1 NR04926, 2000-2005.
  • Principal Investigator, "Kangaroo Care to Blunt Pain in Premature Infants," National Institute of Health and National Institute of Nursing Research, RO3 NR08587, 2003-2005.
  • Principal Investigator, "Antenatal Lactation Education for High-Risk African American Mothers and Mother's Milk," RIG, 2003-2004.


  • Core Faculty, "Childbearing, Childrearing, Caregiving Research Training," May Wykle, National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institute of Health, T32 NR07108.
  • Core Faculty, "Neonatal Nurse Practitioner Advanced Education Program," Donna Dowling, Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Health Professions, HP-00263-01, 2001-2004.


  • Barabach, L., Ludington, S. M., Dowling, D. A., Lotas, M. B. (2016). Maternal Report of Breastfeeding Support and Maternal Role Competence at an Ohio Baby Friendly Designated Hospital. Journal of Human Lactation.
  • Vittner, D., Cong, X., Ludington, S. M., McGrath, J. M. (2016). Perinatal Nurses' Attitudes, Knowledge and Practices of Skin to Skin Holding. Applied Nursing Research, 33, 19-23.
  • Almutairi, W. M., Ludington, S. M. (2016). Kangaroo Care Education Effects on Nurses' Knowledge and Skills Confidence. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 47(11), 518-524. doi: 10.3928/00220124-20161017-11.
  • Kostandy, R., Ludington, S. M. (2016). Kangaroo Care (Skin-to-Skin) for Clustered Pain Procedures: Case Study. World Journal of Neuroscience, 6(1), 43-51.
  • Ludington, S. M., & Terhaar, M. F. (2015). New Perspectives on Kangaroo Care. E-neonatal review, 10(5).
  • Ludington-Hoe SM, Gittner LS, Haller HS. (2013). A pilot study: Does obesity begin in the first year of life? Clinical Pediatrics, 52(6), June 2013, 503-508.
  • Cong, X., Ludington, S. M. (2011). Effect of Kangaroo Care on pain scores and cortisol: Randomized cross-over trial. Biological Research for Nursing, 13(2), 204-216.
  • Scher, M. S., Johnson, M. W., Ludington, S. M., Loparo, K. (2011). Physiologic Brain Dysmaturity in Late Preterm Infants. Pediatric Research.
  • Ludington, S. M. (2011). Thirty years of kangaroo care science and practice. Neonatal Network, 30(5), 357-62.
  • Cong, X., Ludington, S. M., Walsh, S. (2011). Randomized crossover trial of kangaroo care to reduce biobehavioral pain responses in preterm infants: a pilot study. Biologic Research for Nursing, 13(2), 204-16.
  • Abouelfettoh, A. A., Ludington, S. M., Visscher, M., Burant, C. J., Cartner, T. (2011). Effect of  skin-to-skin contact on preterm infant skin barrier function and hospital-acquired infection. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 3(1), 36-46.
  • Ludington, S. M. (2011). Physiologic Effects of Kangaroo Care: Comprehensive Review in Contemporary Women’s Health Reviews(3rd ed., vol. 7, pp. 243-253).


Nurse Midwife
State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center
Doctor of Philosophy
Nursing/Child Development
Texas Woman's University
Master of Science
Maternal-Child Health
University of California
Bachelor of Science
University of California
Bachelor of Science
Cell Biology
University of California

Additional Information

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