A retrospective analysis of the housing histories of more than 13,000 entering kindergartners in 2007-2010 in Cleveland shows that children living in or near properties with signs of deterioration and divestment were more likely to have elevated lead levels and low scores on a kindergarten readiness assessment. Nearly 40% of entering kindergartners tested above the public health threshold for lead exposure.
In the report Leveraging Integrated Data Systems to Examine the Effect of Housing and Neighborhood Conditions on Kindergarten Readiness, Claudia Coulton, Francisca Richter, Seok Joo Kim, Robert Fischer, and Youngmin Cho examine the effects of housing deterioration on elevated lead levels and kindergarten readiness.
Using data from two integrated data systems, NEO CANDO and the CHILD System, this longitudinal study examines the influence of housing and neighborhood conditions since birth on school readiness of all children entering kindergarten over a four-year period in a big city school system. This research was supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation as part of the How Housing Matters program.