The Society for Critical Exchange

Con/texts of Invention:
A working conference

April 20-23, 2006
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio


Conference Home
Original Call for Papers
Conference Objectives
Paper Abstracts

Participants' Notes

Amy Adler is a Professor of Law at the New York University School of Law, where she teaches Art Law, First Amendment Law, and Feminist Jurisprudence.   Professor Adler specializes in the legal regulation of speech, art, and sexuality.   Her recent articles have included analyses of stripping, pornography, child pornography, and obscenity.   She has lectured to a wide variety of audiences, ranging from legal scholars, to artists, to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Aaron L. Alcorn is a PhD candidate in the Program for the History of Science, Technology, Environment, and Medicine at Case Western Reserve University.   In 2005, he was a Fellow at the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History, and a recipient of a Dissertation Completion Fellowship from the Baker-Nord Center for the Humanities at Case.   In 2006, he will be the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Fellow at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum completing his dissertation entitled, "Modeling Behavior: Boys, Engineers, and the Model Airplane in American Culture."

Jane Anderson holds a PhD in Law from the University of New South Wales. She is a Research Fellow in Intellectual Property at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. Dr Anderson has spent the last three years examining the contests and conflicts in the ownership, control and access of historical and contemporarily recorded Indigenous cultural knowledge. The project focused on the significant amounts of copyright material (in particular ethnographic photographs, sound-recordings and films) that have been produced about Indigenous people in Australia over the period of colonization - and current repatriation of this material in digital form back to communities. Outcomes included protocols for Indigenous knowledge centres, national guidelines for acquisition, access and reproduction of Indigenous cultural material by cultural institutions and policy advice for Indigenous and non-Indigenous organisations relating to Indigenous knowledge and intellectual property. Dr Anderson is also the author of the forthcoming book through Edward Elgar Press: Law/Knowledge/Culture: The Making of Indigenous Knowledge in Intellectual Property Law .

Keith Aoki is the Philip H. Knight Professor at the University of Oregon School of Law where he teaches Copyright, Trademark and Unfair Competition Law, and Property. He has written on Intellectual Property and Globalization and has published in the laws reviews of Stanford, Iowa, California and many others over the past decade. He is currently completing a book, "Seed Wars: Intellectual Property and Plant Genetic Resources." He received his J.D., cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1990 and an LL.M. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison Law School in 1993.

Debbora Battaglia is a cultural anthropologist specializing in personhood and creative social action. Most recently she has engaged the human cloning controversy, focusing on contingencies of self and identity in fluid faith-based communities. Her books include On the Bones of the Serpent :Person, Memory and Mortality on Sabarl Island (University of Chicago Press), and the anthologies Rhetorics of Self-Making University of California Press), and of E.T. Culture: Anthropology in Outerspaces (Duke University Press). Recipient of major awards from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities, she is the author of numerous scholarly articles, including "Multiplicities: An Anthropologist's Thoughts on Replicants and Clones in Popular Films" in the journal Critical Inquiry , and "Toward an Ethics of the Open Subject: Writing Culture 'In Good Conscience'" in Henrietta Moore, ed. Anthropological Theory Today (Cambridge: Polity Press). She lives in Massachusetts, where she is Professor of Anthropology at Mount Holyoke College, and teaches courses on Discourses of the Sacred, Visualizing Culture, and Cultural Identities/Differences. A photo appears on the Mount Holyoke College website:

Lionel Bently has been the Herchel Smith Professor of Intellectual Property Law and Director of the Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law at the University of Cambridge since October 2004. He is also a Professorial Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He is co-author (both with Brad Sherman) of Intellectual Property Law (Oxford, OUP, 2001; 2 nd ed, 2004) and The Making of Modern Intellectual Property Law - The British Experience, 1760-1911 (Cambridge: CUP, 1999). He is also the author of Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Problems Facing Freelance Creators in the UK Media Market-Place (London: Institute of Employment Rights, 2002) and co-editor (with David Vaver) of Intellectual Property in the New Millennium: Essays in Honour of Professor William Cornish (Cambridge: CUP, 2004). With Martin Kretschmer, he is co-director of an AHRC funded resource enhancement project developing a digitial resource of primary documents relating to copyright history from five jurisdictions (the US, UK, France, Germany and Italy).

Mario Biagioli is Professor of the History of Science at Harvard, where he teaches courses on science and intellectual property and scientific misconduct, early modern science, and science and literature. His current book project analyzes changes in the author function in technoscience from
the early modern period to 'big science'. He is the author of _Galileo's Instruments of Credit_ (Chicago, 2006) and _Galileo Courtier_ (Chicago,1993) and the editor of _The Science Studies Reader_ (Routledge, 1998) and (with Peter Galison) of _Scientific Authorship_ (Routledge, 2003). A list of recent publications is at:

Maurizio Borghi is an economic and social historian at Bocconi University of Milan, where he teaches cultural history and philosophy. He is currently a Visiting Scholar at the Center for the Study of Law and Society at the UC Berkeley School of Law. His recent research activity focuses on intellectual property rights in historical and philosophical perspective. He has published a book on the history of copyright and the book trade in Italy, La manifattura del pensiero: Diritti d'autore e mercato delle lettere in Italia, 1801-1865 (Milan: Franco Angeli, 2003), and articles and papers on related topics.

Kathy Bowrey is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Her work is primarily related to intellectual property and information technology law. It is generally quite political and multi-disciplinary in focus, drawing upon literary theory, legal theory, political theory, sociology, feminism, critical race theory, cultural studies and techno-literature. Her first legal employment was as a researcher for the 1987 Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. Her most recent publication is Law and Internet Cultures, (Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Oren Bracha is an Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Texas School of Law. Bracha is a legal historian and an intellectual property law scholar. His forthcoming book "Owning Ideas" is a comprehensive intellectual history of American intellectual property law in the ninteenth century. Bracha was a law clerk for Chief Justice Aharon Barak of the Supreme Court of Israel. His fields of interest include intellectual property, cyberlaw, legal history and legal theory.

James Brooke-Smith is a PHD student in the English Literature Department at New York University. His main field of interest is in nineteenth and twentieth century British Literature, with a particular focus on the interrelations between science, technology and cultural change. He is about to start work on a PHD dissertation on popular science and late nineteenth century literature.

Emily Clark received her Master's degree in English from Case Western Reserve University and is currently working as a lecturer for the University.   Her research interests include authorship and intellectual property law, particularly as they are applied to collaborative forms of creative production.   She has written on Early Modern dramatic authorship, United States joint-works law, and Native American oral traditions and copyright law.

Gabriella Coleman recently finished an anthropology dissertation at the University of Chicago that examines how free and open source software developers challenge key assumptions in intellectual property law through their novel rearticulation of free speech commitments. She is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Cultural Analysis at Rutgers University where she is participating in a year long series of seminars on the politics and history of intellectual property law and is working on a book manuscript "Between Liberalism and Jouissance: The Ethical Life of Free and Open Software Hacking." Her next project draws from this research to investigate the use of expressive and human rights among psychiatric survivors as a political vector to make claims against forced treatment and to halt the global exportation of an American model of psychiatry.

Peter DiCola is a PhD candidate in economics at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.   He received his J.D. magna cum laude from the University of Michigan Law School in May 2005, and was awarded the Henry M. Bates Memorial Scholarship, the law school's highest honor.   Currently, he serves as the Research Director of the Future of Music Coalition, a non-profit research and advocacy organization, while he works on his dissertation.   He has research interests in the fields of telecommunications law, intellectual property law, law and economics, labor economics, and industrial organization.   He is the co-author, with Kristin Thomson, of Radio Deregulation: Has It Served Citizens and Musicians? , which was cited by the Third Circuit Court of Appeals in Prometheus Radio Project v. FCC.   He has also written a forthcoming book chapter, "Employment and Wage Effects of Radio Consolidation."

Graham Dutfield is Herchel Smith Senior Research Fellow at Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London. He was formerly Academic Director of the UNCTAD-ICTSD Capacity-building Project on Intellectual Property Rights and Development.

He has authored three books: Intellectual Property, Biogenetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge (2004); Intellectual Property Rights and the Life Science Industries: A Twentieth Century History (2003); and Intellectual Property Rights, Trade and Biodiversity: Seeds and Plant Varieties (2000). He also co-authored Beyond Intellectual Property: Toward Traditional Resource Rights for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (1996) and co-edited Trading in Knowledge: Development Perspectives on TRIPS, Trade and Sustainability. He was also the lead author of Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for Development, which was published by ICTSD and UNCTAD. He is now writing Global Intellectual Property Law: Commentary and Materials with Uma Suthersanen. Another forthcoming book is Innovation without Patents (edited with Suthersanen). His current research interests include history of patent law and the life science industries; biotechnology, genomics and the patent system; plant variety protection; the politics of intellectual property; intellectual property and genetic resources, traditional knowledge and folklore; and intellectual property and development.

He has served as consultant or commissioned report author for several governments, international organizations, United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations. He has a DPhil from the University of Oxford.

Niva Elkin-Koren is a Professor of Law and a co-director of the Haifa Center of Law & Technology at the University of Haifa. Her research focuses on the legal institutions that facilitate private and public control over the production of information. She has written and spoken extensively about the privatization of information policy, copyright law and democratic theory, the effects of cyberspace on the economic analysis of law, the regulation of search engines, liability of information intermediaries, and the significance of the public domain. She received her LL.B from Tel-Aviv University School of Law in 1989, her LL.M from Harvard Law School in 1991, and her S.J.D from Stanford Law School in 1995. She was a visiting professor at NYU School of Law (2004-2005), George Washington University Law School (2001), and Villanova School of Law (1997).

Jonathan Entin is Professor of Law and Political Science at Case Western Reserve University. He has written extensively on constitutional law, administrative law, civil rights, and the social impact of law and legal institutions.

Allison Fish is a third year graduate student in the Department of Cultural Anthropology at the University of California, Irvine. Allison's dissertation research focuses on attempts by different actors (from the Indian government to individual yoga gurus) to lay ownership claims to contemporary yogic knowledge and practice. Allison has conducted preliminary fieldwork on this topic since the fall of 2004 in the United States and India.

Catherine L. Fisk is Professor of Law at Duke University School of Law.   She has written a number of articles on the legal history and current law of workplace knowledge, including "The Story of Ingersoll-Rand v. Ciavatta:   Employee Inventors in Corporate Research and Development - Reconciling Innovation with Entrepreneurship," forthcoming in Employment Law Stories, (Samuel Estreicher & Gillian Lester, eds., Foundation Press 2006); "Knowledge at Work:   New Metaphors for a New Economy," 80 Chicago-Kent Law Review 839 (2005); "Authors at Work:   The Origins of the Work-for-Hire Doctrine," 15 Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities 1 (2003); "Working Knowledge:   Trade Secrets, Restrictive Covenants in Employment, and the Rise of Corporate Intellectual Property, 1800-1920," 52 Hastings Law Journal 441 (2001); "Removing the 'Fuel of Interest' from the 'Fire of Genius':   Law and the Employee Inventor, 1830-1930," 65 University of Chicago Law Review 1127 (1998); "Rights in Employee Inventions and Creative Works:   An Overview of United States Law," reprinted in 5 Intellectual Property Rights:   Critical Concepts in Law 7 (David Vaver, ed., Routledge 2006).   She is the co-editor of a recent book, Labor Law Stories (Foundation Press 2005), and is currently finishing a book on the history of workplace knowledge, Working Knowledge:   Employee Innovation and the Rise of Corporate Intellectual Property .

Peter Friedman earned an A.B. from Brown University in Ancient Greek and Latin in 1981, and a J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School in 1984. Subsequently, he spent nearly 12 years practicing as a commercial litigator in 3 different law firms in New York City, most recently as a partner in Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, LLP.   Since January 1996, Mr. Friedman has been on the faculty at Case Law School, where he primarily teaches legal writing and contracts.

Jane Gaines is Professor of Literature and English at Duke University where she founded the Program in Film/Video/Digital. She is author of two award-winning books, one of which, Contested Culture: The Image, the Voice, and the Law ,  has recently been translated into Spanish. A section of the revised edition will be published in Spring, 2006, as "Early Cinema, Heyday of Copying: The Too Many Copies of L'Arroseur Arrosé, in a special issue of Cultural Studies on copyright and technology. Her current project, Fictioning Histories: Women Film Pioneers , is a challenge to the authorship approach to motion picture industrial production, and a relevant chapter has been published as "Of Cabbages and Authors," in Jennifer Bean and Diane Negra, eds. A Feminist Reader in Early Cinema (Duke, 2002).  This academic year Prof. Gaines is researching the surviving work of women in the international silent film industry at the Swedish Film Archive and the University of Stockholm where she holds the Kristen Hesselgren Distinguished Chair.

Eric Giannella is Research Associate in the Jenkins Collaboratory at Duke University. Using database and visualization tools, he develops methods for outlining and probing the emergence of modern innovations. He is currently writing histories on the evolution and diffusion of specific bio- and nanotechnologies. Prior to his move to Duke, Eric worked in intellectual property licensing and market research to guide industrial lab activities at a major high technology firm.

Lisa Gitelman is associate professor and director of the Program in Media Studies at Catholic University. She is the author of Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing Technology in Edison's Era (1999) and of the forthcoming Always Already New: Media, History, and the Data of Culture (2006), as well as co-editor of New Media, 1740-1915 (2002).

Wendy Gordon is Professor of Law and Paul J. Liacos Scholar in Law at the Boston University School of Law, where she also serves as Advisor to the Intellectual Property Concentration. Her work focuses on the ethical and economic analysis of the various legal regimes regulating information and expression. She recently was a visiting scholar in Comparative Media Studies at MIT, and has taught at the law schools of Georgetown University, Rutgers University/Newark, the University of Chicago, the University of Michigan, and Western New England College. Her publications include two co-edited books , The Economics of Copyright and Developments in the Economics of Copyright , and over three dozen articles, many of which have been widely anthologized. Her work has been cited in three opinions of the U.S. Supreme Court.   Professor Gordon's best known pieces include "Fair Use as Market Failure" ( Columbia Law Review ), "Render Copyright Unto Caesar" ( University of Chicago Law Review ), "On Owning Information" ( Virginia Law Review ), "A Property Right in Self-Expression" ( Yale Law Journal ),   "Intellectual Property as Price Discrimination" ( Chicago-Kent Law Review), "An Inquiry into the Merits of Copyright" ( Stanford Law Review ), and the chapter on "Intellectual Property Law" in the Oxford Handbook on Legal Studies.   She is the current Chair of the Intellectual Property Section of the AALS. Her honors include serving as a Fulbright scholar, being named a Visiting Senior Research Fellow by Oxford's St. John's College, receiving a residency at the Rockefeller Foundation retreat in Bellagio, serving as a visiting fellow at Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, and receiving a New Jersey Governor's Fellowship in the Humanities. She speaks widely, and has been published in Australia, Canada, England, Germany, and India, as well as in the US.  

For more information about Professor Gordon's activities and publications, please see   and .

Lewis Hyde is a cultural critic with a special interest in the public life of the imagination.   His 1983 book, The Gift, is an enquiry into the situation of creative artists in a commercial society.   His more recent work, Trickster Makes This World (1998), is a portrait of the the kind of disruptive imagination needed to keep any culture flexible and lively.    A MacArthur fellow, Hyde is currently the Richard L. Thomas Professor of Creative Writing at Kenyon College and a Fellow of the Berkman Center on Internet and Society at the Harvard Law School.    

Paul Israel is director and general editor of the Thomas A. Edison Papers at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey.   Dr. Israel has been with the Edison Papers since 1980.   He is author of Edison : A Life of Invention (John Wiley & Sons, 1998), winner of the 2000 Dexter Prize of the Society for the History of Technology, and From Machine Shop to Industrial Laboratory: Telegraphy and the Changing Context of American Invention, 1830-1920 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992).   He is also coauthor with Robert Friedel of Edison's Electric Light: Biography of an Invention (Rutgers University Press, 1986).   His current project looks at the relationship between intellectual property and technology.

Peter Jaszi is faculty director of the Glushko-Samuelson Intellectual Property Law Clinic and Professor of Law at American University. An experienced litigator in copyright, he also lectures widely in the U.S. and abroad, and is frequently called upon as an expert witness. He has served as a Trustee of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A. and as a member of the executive committee of the Educator's Ad Hoc Committee on Copyright. In 1994 he was a member of the Librarian of Congress' Advisory Commission on Copyright Registration and Deposit, and in 1995 he helped to organize the Digital Future Coalition, which advocates public interest positions on copyright issues before the U.S. Congress and international organizations. He is coauthor (with Craig Joyce, William Patry, and Marshall Leaffer) of Copyright Law , a standard text now in its sixth edition (LEXIS Publishing); and coeditor (with Martha Woodmansee) of Intellectual Property and the Construction of Authorship , published as a special issue of the Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal in 1992 and reissued under the title The Construction of Authorship: Textual Appropriation in Law and Literature by Duke UP in 1994. His many other publications include the influential "Towards a Theory of Copyright: The Metamorphosis of 'Authorship'" ( Duke Law Journal , 1991).

Adrian Johns is associate professor of history and chair of the Committee on Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science at the University of Chicago.   He is the author of The nature of the book (Chicago, 1998), and is currently working on a study of intellectual piracy from the sixteenth century to the twenty-first.   He was educated at the University of Cambridge and has previously taught at the University of Kent, the California Institute of Technology, and the University of California, San Diego.

Elizabeth F. Judge is an assistant professor at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law, Common Law Section, where she specializes in intellectual property, law and literature, and privacy.   She is the author, with Daniel Gervais, of Intellectual Property: The Law in Canada, and publications on law and literature.   She is a founding editor and editor-in-chief and faculty advisor for the University of Ottawa Law & Technology Journal , and an Associate Editor of the Canadian Patent Reporter .   Dr. Judge holds a Bachelor of Arts from Brown University (English and American Literature; Political Science) a J.D. from Harvard Law School, a Master of Arts (English) from the University of Toronto, and a Master of Laws and a Doctor of Philosophy in English Literature from Dalhousie University, and she has taught in both law and literature.   Prior to joining the Faculty of Law, she practiced law in Washington, D.C. and served as a law clerk at the Supreme Court of Canada.

Jonathan Kahn holds a PhD in History from Cornell University and a JD from Boalt Hall School of La. He writes on issues in history, politics, and law and specializes in biotechnology implications for our ideas of identity and citizenship. Currently, he is studying the legal and political implications of how racial categories are produced and disseminated in biotechnology patenting drug development.

Recent publications include, "How a Drug Becomes 'Ethnic':   Law, Commerce and the Production of Racial Categories in Medicine," Yale J. of Health Pol'y, Law, and Ethics v. 4: 1-46 (2004); and "What's the Use?   Law and Authority in Patenting Human Genetic Material," Stanford Law and Pol'y Rev. v. 14: 417-444 (2003).

Hyo Y. Kang is currently a researcher in law at the European University Institute in Florence and a teaching fellow at the London School of Economics where she teaches property law. Her Ph.D explored the intersection of patent law, the notion of human personhood and the concept of gene. She has been awarded a postdoctoral fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin for the study of the relationship between patent law and biological taxonomies.   Previously she has been a fellow of the German Academic Exchange Service and visiting scholar at University of California at Berkeley

Christopher Kelty is an assistant professor of anthropology at Rice University where he teaches courses on anthropology of science and technology, anthropology of information and networks; intellectual property, free software and open access; infrastructure and the media of knowledge production/circulation; and new fieldwork methods. Recent publications include: "Geeks, Social Imaginaries and Recursive Publics," /Cultural Anthropology/ 20.2 Summer 2005; "Punt to Culture" /Anthropological Quarterly/ 77(3), Summer 2004; "Trust Among the
Algorithms: Ownership, Identity and the collaborative stewardship of information," in R.A. Ghosh ed. /CODE: Collaborative Ownership in the Digital Economy/, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2005; "Free Science/Free Software," /First Monday/, Dec. 2001.

Bettyann Holtzmann Kevles writes about science, technology and popular culture. She is a lecturer in the History department at Yale University. Her most recent book (paperback revised version MIT Press 2006,) Almost Heaven: the Story of women in Space, is a cross cultural history of the role of women who have traveled into orbit. She is also the author of   Naked to the Bone: Medical Imaging in the 20th Century. She is currently writing about art in space and, more generally, on the influence of science and technology on the arts.

Daniel J. Kevles, the Stanley Woodward Professor of History at Yale University, has written extensively about issues in science and society past and present. He is currently at work on a history of intellectual property in living organisms and their parts. His works in this area include "Patenting Human Genes: The Advent of Ethics in the Political Economy of Patent Law," coauthored with Ari Berkowitz, Brooklyn Law Review , 2002; and " Diamond v. Chakrabarty and Beyond: The Political Economy of Patenting Life," in Arnold Thackray, ed. Private Science: Biotechnology and the Rise of the Molecular Sciences (1998), pp. 65-79.

Roberta Rosenthal Kwall is the Raymond P. Niro Professor of Intellectual Property Law at DePaul University College of Law in Chicago, Illinois, and the Director of the DePaul Center for Intellectual Property Law and Information Technology.   Professor Kwall earned her J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School and her A.B. from Brown University.

Many of Professor Kwall's writings focus on how the legal system can better incorporate the author's perspective into the copyright regime.   One of the nation's leading experts on moral rights, she has written numerous articles exploring both the theoretical dimensions and the practical implications of this doctrine. Professor Kwall also served in an advisory capacity to the Office of the General Counsel on the Visual Artists Rights Act.   She is the co-author of leading casebooks in both IP and Real Property and currently is working on an academic press book entitled: Beneath the Authors Voice: Authorship, Ownership and Safeguarding Textual Integrity. In 2006, she was designated as one of the Ten Best Law Professors in

James Leach is Research Fellow in Anthropology, King's College, Cambridge, and Affiliated Lecturer in the Dept. of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge.

Field research: Madang Province, Papua New Guinea 1994-5, 1999, 2000-2001, 2003. Published works on kinship and place, creativity, artistic production, ownership and cultural/intellectual property.   ( Creative Land. Place and Procreation on the Rai Coast of Papua New Guinea . 2003 Berghahn Books, Rationales of Ownership. Transactions and Claims to Ownership in Contemporary Papua New Guinea , (ed with Lawrence Kalinoe), 2004 Sean Kingston Publishing.)   Field Research U.K.: 2002 to present, as 'Attached Observer' with artists placements in Industry and Science. Also directing research on constructions of gender among Open Source software programmers, and on artist's relation with the law in the UK. Awarded the Royal Anthropological Institute JB Donne Prize in the Anthropology of Art for 1999, and The Philip Leverhulme Prize in 2004.

Tim Lenoir is the Kimberly Jenkins Chair for New Technologies in Society at Duke University. He has published several books and articles on the history of biomedical science from the nineteenth century to the present. With Nathan Rosenberg, Henry Rowen, Brent Goldfarb, and Christophe Lécuyer, he has just completed a collaborative study for Stanford University on Stanford's historical relationship to Silicon Valley entitled, Inventing the Entrepreneurial Region: Stanford and the Co-Evolution of Silicon Valley. Lenoir is currently working on the development of nanobiotechnology as one of the co-principal investigators of the Center for Nanotechnology and Society at UC Santa Barbara.

Ellen K. Levy, an artist and teacher of art and science interrelationships at Brooklyn College, is President of the College Art Association (2004-6). Recipient of a NASA commission in 1985, she was a Distinguished Visiting Fellow of Arts and Sciences at Skidmore College in 1999, a position funded by the Luce Foundation. She creates genealogies of technological inventions and has exhibited widely in the US and abroad. She is represented by Michael Steinberg Fine Arts, NYC.

Evelyn Lincoln is Associate Professor of the History of Art & Architecture, and Italian Studies at Brown University; she teaches the history of Italian Renaissance art.   Her book, The Invention of the Italian Renaissance Printmaker (2000), discusses the formation of the new career of printmaker from the collection of trades based on the practice of drawing. She is currently writing about the display of knowledge and authority in 16 th -century Roman illustrated books. Recent articles include:   "Invention and Authorship in Early Modern Italian Visual Culture", DePaul Law Review 52:4 (Fall, 2003) 1093-1119; "The Jew and the Worms:   portraits and patronage in a 16 th century how-to manual", Word & Image 19: 1&2 (Jan-June, 2003) 86-99; "Models for Science and Craft:   Isabella Parasole's Botanical and Lace Illustrations",   Visual Resources   XVII (Winter, 2001) 1-35.

Francesco Lissoni

Joseph Loewenstein directs the Interdisciplinary Project in the Humanities at Washington University.   A student of Early Modern print culture, he has published The Author's Due: Printing and the Prehistory of Copyright (Chicago, 2002) and Ben Jonson and Possessive Authorship (Cambridge, 2002).   He is currently one of the editors for the Oxford Edition of the Collected Works of Edmund Spenser.   He is currently a fellow at the Folger Shakespeare Library, where he runs a seminar called, "Accessorizing the Renaissance, a communal inquiry into the material props of elite identity."

Michael Madison is Associate Dean for Research and an Associate Professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, where he specializes in copyright law, the law of intellectual property, the Internet, and electronic commerce.  

Professor Madison has been a member of the Pitt faculty since 1998.   From 2003 through 2005, he was the Director of Pitt's Certificate Program in Intellectual Property and Technology Law.   He has taught intellectual property law as a visitor at Washington University School of Law in St. Louis, and he taught at Harvard Law School in 1997-1998 as a Climenko Fellow.   Before beginning his teaching career, Professor Madison practiced law with two private law firms in Northern California.

Professor Madison's writing has been published in numerous law reviews, including the William & Mary Law Review , the Fordham Law Review , the Boston College Law Review , the Case Western Reserve University Law Review , the Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal, the Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts , and the Journal of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A.   He has spoken at numerous academic and professional conferences on intellectual property and electronic commerce topics.

He maintains a homepage at and two weblogs:   Madisonian Theory, on law and technology, at, and Pittsblog, on regional development and local culture in Southwest Pennsylvania, at  

He received his J.D. from Stanford Law School in 1987, where he was an editor of the Stanford Law Review , and a B.A. from Yale University in 1983.

Christine MacLeod is Senior Lecturer in Economic and Social History, University of Bristol. She is the author of Inventing the industrial revolution: the English patent system, 1660-1800 (Cambridge University Press, 1988; new edn 2002), and has published extensively on the history of the UK patent system and its implications for inventive activity.   She is currently involved in collaborative projects on innovation in nineteenth-century steam engineering and on the representation of inventors in the Dictionary of National Biography , and is completing a book on the cultural history of invention and inventors, Heroes of Invention: celebrating the industrial culture of nineteenth-century Britain (CUP, forthcoming, 2007).

Daniel Margocsy is a doctoral student in History of Science at Harvard University. He has studied comparative literature at Stanford University, and holds a B.A. in Humanities from University College Utrecht. His dissertation project is currently entitled Advertising and Selling Science: Scientific Publications in Early Modern Netherlands. He has been a Klemperer Fellow at the New York Academy of Medicine, and he will be a W. M. Keck fellow at the Huntington in 2006. He is the editor of Szabad Változók, a Hungarian online journal devoted to philosophy and literary studies. His interests include early modern Dutch culture, communication networks in natural history, the relationship between arts and sciences, and popular magic.

Lisa Maruca is an Associate Professor at Wayne State University in the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies and the Coordinator of the Department's Critical Literacies Division. She has published articles on the eighteenth-century book trade, authorship and intellectual property, and student plagiarism. Her book, The Work of Print: Authorship and the Labor of Literature in England, 1660-1760, is forthcoming from the University of Washington Press. New projects include archival research into the impact of print on student writing practices and embodied learning in the eighteenth century. In 2001 she received both the WSU Presidential Award for Excellence in Teaching and her college's Teaching Award. She serves on the board of the Society for Critical Exchange and is a member of the Intellectual Property Caucus of the College Communication and Composition Conference.

Robert Miles is Professor and Chair of the Department of English at the University of Victoria. He has written extensively on Romantic subjects, including Gothic writing, Ann Radcliffe and Jane Austen. He is currently at work on Romantic Misfits , a book on canonization and the public sphere in the Romantic period for the Palgrave series Studies in The Enlightenment, Romanticism and the Cultures of Print edited by Ann Mellor and Clifford Siskin.

Carolyn R. Miller is SAS Institute Distinguished Professor of Rhetoric and Technical Communication at North Carolina State University. She has published on rhetorical theory and the rhetoric of science and technology, with a special focus on theories of genre, ethos, and invention. She is a past president of the Rhetoric Society of America and a Fellow of the Association of Teachers of Technical Writing. At NC State, she is the founding director of the doctoral program in Communication, Rhetoric, and Digital Media.

Maria Lilla Montagnani, degree in Law, PhD in Competition Law, LL.M, is Assistant Professor in Commercial Law at Bocconi University of Milan, where she teaches "Intellectual Property Law" and "Marketing and the Law." She also teaches "Information Communications Technologies and Competition" in the d.l. LLM in Information Technologies offered by the Institute for Computer and Communications Law Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London. She is a regular guest lecturer there as well in the LL.M course "Telecommunications Law." Her recent research is focused at the intersection between Intellectual Property Law and Competition Law in the software market and in the digital environment, on which she has published articles in Italian and European reviews.

Fabio Montobbio is an associate professor of Economics at the Insubria
University, Varese, Italy and contract professor at Bocconi University, Milan.
He is also a senior researcher fellow at CESPRI, Bocconi University, since 1998.
He spent three years at the University of Manchester for a Masters Degree in
Economics and Econometrics and a PhD, completed in 2001, in Economics. The PhD
dissertation was on technological spillovers and structural change. Since then,
his research interests have extended to the economics of patents, university
technology transfer, the new economics of science and, finally, technology and
development. His teaching centres upon two main disciplinary areas: Industrial
Economics and Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights. He published on World
Development, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Cambridge Journal of
Economics, Journal of Evolutionary Economics and Structural Change and Economic

Dorothy Noyes is Associate Professor of English and Director of the Center for Folklore Studies at the Ohio State University. She studies the collective representations of plural societies, with an emphasis on how intergroup relations are articulated and manipulated through traditional performance genres. Her most recent book is Fire in the Plaça: Catalan Festival Politics After Franco (University of Pennsylvania 2003). Currently she is writing a series of articles on how local communities represent themselves to the state.

David W. Opderbeck is an Assistant Professor at Baruch College, City University of New York, where he teaches courses relating to the intersection of law and technology.   He also is an Adjunct Professor at Seton Hall University Law School.

Prof. Opderbeck's scholarship focuses on the law, economics and norms of intellectual property.   His article The Penguin's Genome, or Coase and Open Source Biotechnology , 18 Harvard J. Law & Tech. 167 (2004), examined the application of open source principles to the biotechnology industry.   In Patents, Essential Medicines, and the Innovation Game , 58 Vanderbilt Law Review 501 (2005), Prof. Opderbeck developed a game theoretic model for analyzing the effects of differing levels of patent protection on access to essential medicines in developing countries.

Prof. Opderbeck's current work in progress, The Penguin's Paradox:   The Political Economy of International Intellectual Property and the Paradox of Open Source , extends his game theoretic models to the question of how the open source community can influence international intellectual property rules.

Prof. Opderbeck holds a J.D. ( cum laude ) from Seton Hall University Law School and an LL.M. from New York University Law School.

Marc Perlman, ethnomusicologist, is Associate Professor of Music at Brown University. He has also taught in Indonesia, where he was founding editor of the Journal of the Indonesian Musicological Society. His scholarly writings have appeared in the journals Ethnomusicology, Asian Music, Musical Quarterly, Postmodern Culture, Music Perception, Indonesia, Social Studies of Science, and in the revised edition of the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. He has also published in Rhythm Music Magazine and the New York Times. His research interests range widely both in geography and disciplinary affiliation. He specializes in the musical traditions of Indonesia, but also has experience with the music of Ireland, India, and Burma (Myanmar), as well as interests in American popular music. His research in these areas is variously informed by anthropology, sociology, history, post-colonial studies, cultural studies, music theory, cognitive psychology, Science and Technology Studies, and legal theory.

Mary Poovey

Alain Pottage

William Rankin is a doctoral candidate in the departments of the history of science and history of architecture at Harvard University. His work focuses on scientific representation, the history of engineering, and the spaces of science, and he has published articles on the cartography of noise, electronic music, and postwar laboratory design (forthcoming). He is currently researching the history of infrastructure in the nineteenth century as a relationship between the physical sciences and foreign direct investment, especially in the United States. In previous lives he has worked as a professional architect and an experimental physicist.

Michael Rectenwald is currently a Postdoctoral Associate in the Literary and Cultural Studies program at Carnegie Mellon and is working on a book dealing with 19th century British knowledge politics. After receiving a B.A. in English from the University of Pittsburgh in 1983 and working in advertising for 12 years, he received an M.A. in English from Case Western Reserve University in 1997, and a Ph.D. in Literary and Cultural Studies from Carnegie Mellon University in 2004. While writing his dissertation, he was a Writer and Editor for the Intelligent Software Agents, an Artificial Intelligence Lab of the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon. As a developer of a nationally recognized news and activism website (, Michael has made numerous national television appearances on MSNBC-TV's "Scarborough Country" and elsewhere, debating such controversial cultural and educational topics as Fahrenheit 9-11 , The Passion of the Christ , academic freedom (vs. David Horowitz), as well as such political topics as the Gulf War, Guantanamo Bay, the Feingold resolution to censure Bush, and many others. With Newt Gingrich, he was a guest for the debut show of Fox's national radio network hosted by Alan Colmes. .

Mark Rose has been Professor of English at the University of California, Santa Barbara, since 1977.   He has published many books on a range of subjects from Shakespeare to science fiction, including Heroic Love: Studies in Sidney and Spenser ; Shakespearean Design ; Spenser's Art ; and Alien Encounters: Anatomy of Science Fiction .   His study of the emergence of copyright in eighteenth-century Britain, Authors and Owners: The Invention of Copyright , was a finalist for a National Book Critics' Circle Award in 1993.   In addition to writing on the history of copyright, he frequently serves as a consultant and expert witness in movie and television matters involving allegations of copyright infringement.  

Joshua Sarnoff is the Assistant Director of the Glushko-Samuelson Intellectual Property Law Clinic and a practitioner-in-residence at the Washington College of Law, American University, where he supervises law students in the practice of intellectual property law.   He is a registered patent attorney, teaches patent law, and has been involved in a wide range of intellectual property legal and policy disputes.   He has published articles on patent law, has coordinated an academics' position statement on patent law reform, has filed amicus briefs in the United States Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, and has been a consultant to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development on intellectual property, trade, and environmental issues.   Mr. Sarnoff was formerly in private practice in Washington, DC, and previously taught at the University of Arizona College of Law.

Brad Sherman is the Director of the Australian centre for Intellectual
Property in Agriculture and Professor in Law in the TC Beirne School of
Law at the University of Queensland. Prior to joining the University of
Queensland, he worked at Griffith University, the London School of
Economics, and Cambridge University. Brad is currently working on a
history of intellectual property and biological property.

Clifford Siskin is currently a Visiting Professor at New York University and the George Delacorte Professor of the Humanities at Columbia University.   His subject is the interrelations of literary, social, and technological change, with a particular emphasis on print culture: both its historical formation and its current remediation in the face of the electronic and the digital. Links between past and present inform all of his work, from his sequencing of the genres of subjectivity ( The Historicity of Romantic Discourse , Oxford) to his recovery of literature's role in the formation of the modern disciplines ( The Work of Writing: Literature and Social Change in Britain 1700-1830 , Hopkins). His latest book asks when and how the central genre of Enlightenment became the thing that we now love to blame: the SYSTEM (forthcoming from Chicago). Professor Siskin is also co-editor, with Anne Mellor, of the new Palgrave-Macmillan monograph series in "Enlightenment, Romanticism and the Cultures of Print."

Uma Suthersanen has worked as a consultant for WIPO, EPO, UNCTAD, the Singapore I.P. Academy and the Government of Israel (Patent Office). She has held visiting professorships and lectureships at several institutions including the University of Western Ontario, Verona Intellectual Property Centre, Université Robert Schuman, and Southampton University. She serves on the executive committee of the Association Litteraire et Artistique Internationale (ALAI), and currently chairs its British arm, the British Literary and Artistic Copyright Association (BLACA). She is also on the Legal Advisory Committee of the British Computer Society, and on the Legal Advisory Board of the Creative Commons for England & Wales. She is a joint general editor, along with Graham Dutfield and Ilanah Simon, of the Queen Mary Studies in Intellectual Property series, and assistant editor of the European Copyright and Design Reports (Sweet and Maxwell). At present she is co-authoring a book, Global Intellectual Property Law, with Graham Dutfield.

Kara Swanson is a graduate student in the History of Science at Harvard University.   She received her B.S. in molecular biophysics and biochemistry from Yale University, a master's degree in biochemistry from the University of California - Berkeley, and her law degree from Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California - Berkeley.   She is a registered patent attorney, and practiced intellectual property law before beginning her studies at Harvard.   Her article, " Boundary-Work and Authorship:   The American Biotech Scientist in Court," is in review.  

Alex Wellerstein is a Ph.D. student in the Department for History of Science at Harvard University, where he works primarily on topics in the history of modern physics and  social aspects of the history of biology. He received his B.A. in History from the University of California, Berkeley, in 2002, and has worked as a database programmer and a graphic designer. His current research focuses on nuclear secrecy in the 20 th century American context.

An award-winning teacher, Dr. Brenda Wojnowski has also been a curriculum administrator. Prior to beginning work with the National Inventors Hall of Fame Foundation where she is President of Inventive Education, Inc., Dr. Wojnowski was Associate Director of The Science House, NC State University. She has also served as Director of science and mathematics outreach from the College of Education, UNC Greensboro and as Assistant Director of the Mathematics and Science Education Network, UNC Chapel Hill. She has presented numerous workshops and invited talks and has served at a senior level on many grants and contracts. She has numerous publications to her credit.

Martha Woodmansee is Professor of English and Law at Case Western Reserve University where she also directs the Society for Critical Exchange, a national organization devoted to collaborative interdisciplinary research in theory. She has published widely at the intersection of aesthetics, economics, and the law. Her books include The Author, Art, and the Market (Columbia UP 1994); a collection of essays coedited with Peter Jaszi, The Construction of Authorship: Textual Appropriation in Law and Literature (Duke UP 1994); and the collection, The New Economic Criticism: Studies at the Intersection of Literature and Economics (Routledge 1999).

Peter K. Yu is Associate Professor of Law and the founding director of the Intellectual Property & Communications Law Program at Michigan State University College of Law.  He holds appointments in the Asian Studies Center and the Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies and Media at Michigan State University.  He is also a research fellow of the Center for Studies of Intellectual Property Rights at Zhongnan University of Economics and Law in Wuhan, China.   Born and raised in Hong Kong, Professor Yu is a leading expert in international intellectual property and communications law.   He is currently working on a book entitled Paranoid Pirates and Schizophrenic Swashbucklers: Protecting Intellectual Property in Post-WTO China .  His publications are available on his Web site at








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