Patrick E. Crago

Professor Emeritus, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case School of Engineering School of Medicine

Research Information

Research Interests

Major research interests are in the area of neuromechanics, particularly the restoration of movement by neuroprostheses employing functional neuromuscular stimulation. This research emphasizes the role of feedback and muscle and limb mechanical properties in the execution and regulation of movements. Current research projects include the control of wrist flexion/extension and elbow extension in patients with spinal cord injuries. Other projects involve the clinical implementation and evaluation of upper limb neuroprostheses, and the development of muscle models suitable for use in simulations with neuronal models.

Research Projects

Control of neuroprostheses for motor function; neuromuscular control systems


  • Control of Robotic Assistance Using Poststroke Residual Voluntary Effort; Nathaniel Makowski, Jayme Knutson, John Chae, Patrick Crago - 2014
  • Contributions to muscle force and EMG by combined neural excitation and electrical stimulation; Patrick E Crago, Nathaniel S Makowski, Natalie M Cole - 2014
  • Alteration of neural action potential patterns by axonal stimulation: the importance of stimulus location; Patrick E Crago, Nathaniel S Makowski - 2014