Motivational Interviewing Resources

This is an evolving list of resources and tools for Motivational Interviewing (MI), the evidence-based treatment, recommended by consultants and trainers at the Center for Evidence-Based Practices at Case Western Reserve University. MI is a core component of many evidence-based practices and best practices and is used in many service settings (e.g., ACT, IDDT, SE/IPS, housing services, criminal justice, tobacco recovery, primary health). Learn more about MI.

Tools produced by our center 

    Additional Resources

    Building Motivational Interviewing Skills: A Practitioner Workbook
    Motivational Interviewing and Stages of Change: Integrating Best Practices for Substance Abuse Professionals
    Motivational Interviewing in Health Care: Helping Patients Change Behavior
    Motivational Interviewing Website
    Motivational Interviewing: Helping People Change (Third Edition)
    Recommended Research and Reading for MI
    TIP 35: Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Use Disorder Treatment

    Recommended Research and Reading for MI

    This section contains recommendations for the following topics:

    General Information about MI

    • Amrhein, P.C., Miller, W.R., Yahne, C.E., Palmer, M., & Fulcher, L. (2003). Client commitment language during motivational interviewing predicts drug use outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(5) 862-878.
    • Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (2006). TIP 35 / Treatment Improvement Protocol Series: Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Abuse Treatment. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 99-3354. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
    • Hettema, J., Steele, J., & Miller, W. (2005). Motivational interviewing. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 91-111.
    • Lundahl, B. W., Kunz, C., Brownell, C., Tollefson, D., & Burke B. L. (2010). A meta-analysis of motivational interviewing: Twenty-five years of empirical studies. Research on Social Work Practice, 20(2), 137-160.
    • Miller, W. R., Benefield, R. G., & Tonigan, J. S. (1993). Enhancing motivation for change in problem drinking: A controlled comparison of two therapist styles. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 455-461.
    • Miller, W. R., & Mount, K. A. (2001). A small study of training in motivational interviewing: Does one workshop change clinician and client behavior? Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 29, 457-471.
    • Miller, W.R., & Rollnick, S. (2012). Motivational interviewing: Helping people change (3rd ed.). NY: Guilford Press.
    • Miller, W.R., & Rollnick, S. (2009). Ten things that motivational interviewing is not. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 37, 129-140.
    • Miller, W. R. & Rose, G. S. (2009). Toward a theory of motivational interviewing. American Psychologist, 64(6), 527-537.
    • Miller, W. R., Zweben, J., & Johnson, W. R. (2005). Evidence-based treatment: Why, what, where, when, and how? Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 29, 267- 276.
    • William R. Miller and Stephen Rollnick (2012). Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People For Change (Third Edition). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
    • Moyers, T. B., Miller, W. R., & Hendrickson, S. M. L. (2005). How does motivational interviewing work? Therapist interpersonal skill predicts client involvement within motivational interviewing sessions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 590-598.
    • Moyers, T. B., Martin, J. K., Houck, J. M., Christopher, P.J., & Tonigan, J.S. (2009). From in-session behaviors to drinking outcomes: A causal chain for motivational interviewing. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(6), 1113-1124.
    • Prochaska, J. O., Norcross, J. C., & DiClemente (1994). Changing For Good: A Revolutionary Six-Stage Program for Overcoming Bad Habits and Moving Your Life Positively Forward. New York: Harper Collins Publishers. 
    • Rosengren, D. B. (2009). Building motivational interviewing skills: A practitioner workbook. New York: Guilford Press.
    • Wagner, C.C. & Ingersoll, K.S. (2013). Motivational Interviewing in Groups. New York: Guilford Press.
    • White, W.L. (2008). Recovery management and recovery-oriented systems of care: Scientific rationale and promising practices [Monograph]. Special Collaborative Northeast and Great Lakes ATTC/Philadelphia DBHMRS. Addiction Technology Transfer Monograph Series, Monograph #5. Rockville, MD: U.S.DHHS, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

    Adolescents & Families

    • Naar-King, S. & Suarez, M. (2011). Motivational Interviewing with Adolescents and Young Adults. NY: Guilford Press.

    Criminal Justice


    • Rollnick, S., Miller, W.R., & Butler, C.C. (2008). Motivational interviewing in health care: Helping patients change behavior. New York: Guilford Press.
    • VanBuskirk, K.A. & Loebach Wetherell, J. (2013). Motivational interviewing with primary care populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 37 (4), 768-780.  doi: 10.1007/s10865-013-9527-4

    Behavioral Healthcare

    • Arkowitz, H., Westra, H. A., Miller, W.R., & Rollnick, S. (Eds.) (2015). Motivational interviewing in the treatment of psychological problems (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
    • Westra, H.A. (2012). Motivational Interviewing in the Treatment of Anxiety. New York: Guilford Press.


    • Miller, W. R., Yahne, C. E., Moyers, T. B., Martinez, J., & Pirritano, M. (2004). A randomized trial of methods to help clinicians learn motivational interviewing. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 1050-1062.
    • Martino, S., Ball, S. A., Gallon, S. L., Hall, D., Garcia, M., Ceperich, S., Farentinos, C., Hamilton, J., & Hausotter, W. (2006). Motivational Interviewing Assessment: Supervisory Tools for Enhancing Proficiency. Salem, OR: Northwest Frontier Addiction Technology Transfer Center, Oregon Health and Science University. 
    • Moyers, T. B., Martin, J. K., Manuel, W. R., & Ernst, D. (2009). Revised Global Scales: Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity 4.0. University of New Mexico, Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse and Addictions (CASAA).