Cleveland boasts the largest and most successful program in functional electrical stimulation (FES Center), led by Dr. Hunter Peckham and carried out at several institutions. This program evaluates the utility of a brain-computer interface device to enable people with advanced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to be able to communicate when they can no longer speak or write. Dr. Stephen Selkirk is involved with both clinical and basic research related to multiple sclerosis (MS). Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a frequent injury among soldiers who have served in Iraq or Afghanistan. The Cleveland VA Medical Center is the Ohio hub for treating veterans with traumatic brain injury. Dr. Ronald Riechers directs the clinical and research activities related to TBI. Dr. Mark Walker is conducting interesting research on the effect of TBI on balance and strategies for improving balance after TBI.