GRIES, MOSES J. (25 Jan. 1868-30 Oct. 1918), proponent of Classical Reform Judaism and spiritual leader of the
Gries was politically progressive—a founder of the
Gries protested pogroms and urged help for the immigrants, yet remained removed from the largely Orthodox, Yiddish-speaking group. He denounced Zionism, believing it raised questions concerning Jewish identity and loyalty which threatened the Jewish community in America. For health reasons, Gries resigned from the Temple in 1917, dying a year later. He married Frances (Fannie) Hays on 15 June 1898, daughter of
Rabbi Moses J. Gries Papers, American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati, Ohio.