Cleveland is a city of paradoxes. It is a sprawling metropolis and a small town. It is a city that pioneered in social reforms of all kinds, and yet it is a bastion of conservatism. Founded and developed by a small group of Protestants from the New England and Middle Atlantic states, it is peopled by members of over 50 ethnic groups representing every part of the world and many of the world's religions...click for more
|Adena and Hopewell Mound Builders populate the region that will become Northeast Ohio.|
|c. 1200||The Native American "Mississippian" culture with MesoAmerican influence residing in the region becomes increasingly urbanized and agricultural.|
|c. 1500||Native Americans of the region begin residing year-round in large, fortified villages, growing maize, beans, and squash, and building multi-family long houses.|
|1650||The "Amerique Septentrionale" map is published by Nicholas Sanson, the first map to adequately show Lake Erie and accurately chart the southern shore.|
|1654||The Iroquois attack the Erie Indians/Cat Nation, inflicting severe losses of life and land.|
|1730||Several groups of the Ottawa (Odawa) Nation move into the Maumee and Sandusky Bay areas, continuing their participation in the fur trade of northern Ohio.|
|1786||Moravian Missionaries establish Pilgerruh, a Native American missionary settlement in the Cuyahoga Valley.|
|1796||Moses Cleaveland and survey party arrive 22 July.|
|1796||Red Jacket, orator of the Six Nations and a sachem of the Senecas, delivered a speech defending his people's values and customs against the intrusion of white civilization.|
|1797|| First wedding held in the settlement of Cleaveland (as the village was known until 1831).
First white baby born to Tabitha Stiles.
Lorenzo Carter, prominent early settler, arrives.
|1798||Nathaniel Doan settles what will become "Doan's Corners."|
David and Gilman Bryant open the community's first distillery.
Trumbull County created, with Cleveland located in that county.
|1801||A grand ball is held 4 July.|
|1802||First census of Cleveland Township shows 76 free male inhabitants over the age of 21.|
|1803||Ohio admitted to the Union.
Mail service extended to Cleveland.
|1805||The community's first postmaster, Elisha Norton, appointed.
Indian claims are cleared to the lands west of the Cuyahoga River.
Geauga County created, with Cleveland located in that county.
|1806||Moses Cleaveland dies in Connecticut.|
|1807||First Presbyterian Church in what is now East Cleveland is founded; it is the second church in the entire Western Reserve.|
|1808||Lorenzo Carter builds the Zephyr, first ship to be launched in Cleveland.
Samuel Huntington elected governor of Ohio.
|1809||George Peake arrives in what is now Lakewood/Rocky River, the area's first African-American settler.
Euclid Township created.
|1810||Cleveland population--57 (approximate).
Cuyahoga County organized; Cleveland selected as county seat.
David Long, the community's first doctor, arrives.
|1812||John O'Mic, a Native American implicated in a murder, is first person to be executed in Cleveland.|
|1813||Oliver Hazard Perry wins the Battle of Lake Erie at Put-in-Bay.
Cleveland's first courthouse completed.
|1814||Cleveland receives its charter as a village 23 December.
Lorenzo Carter dies.
Newburgh Township created.
|1815||Alfred Kelley elected first president of the village of Cleveland.
Euclid Avenue laid out.
|1816||Commercial Bank of Lake Erie opens in Cleveland.
Trinity Episcopal Parish organized.
First divorce in the community granted.
|1818||Walk-in-the-Water, first steamship on Lake Erie, serves Cleveland.
First newspaper, the Cleaveland Gazette and Commercial Register, published 31 July.
Royalton Township created.
|1819||The Cleveland Herald and Gazette publishes its first issue 19 October.|
Cuyahoga County population--6,328.
First Presbyterian Church (Old Stone) organized.
The first theatrical performance held 23 May.
|1822||North Union Shaker colony established in what is now Shaker Heights.
A free bridge is opened across the Cuyahoga River.
|1825||Construction of Ohio and Erie Canal begins.
Federal funds received for river improvement.
|1826||St. Mary's, the community's first Catholic church, is organized.
Land is purchased for Erie Street Cemetery.
|1827||Ohio and Erie Canal opens between Akron and Cleveland 4 July.
Cuyahoga Steam Furnace Co. organized.
|1828||Cleveland's second courthouse opened.|
|1829||First public market opens on Ontario Street.
First lighthouse begins operation.
Cuyahoga County population--10,373.
First temperance society, Cuyahoga County Temperance Society, organized.
Western Seaman's Friend Society, an ancestor of today's Center for Human Services, organized.
St. John's African Methodist Episcopal Church organized.
|1831||The Cleveland Advertiser "officially" changes the spelling of the community's name to Cleveland.
James A. Garfield born in Orange Township.
|1832||Ohio and Erie Canal completed to the Ohio River.
A free school for blacks organized.
Major cholera epidemic takes fifty lives.
Dunham Tavern opens.
|1833||First Baptist Society organized.|
|1835||Benjamin Strickland, the community's first dentist, arrives.|
|1836||Cleveland and City of Ohio (Ohio City) incorporated as official cities.
John Willey elected first mayor of Cleveland.
Josiah Barber elected first mayor of Ohio City.
"Bridge War" between Cleveland and Ohio City takes place.
|1837||Cleveland Female Orphan Asylum opens.
Cleveland Grays organized.
Bedford Village incorporated.
Cuyahoga County Anti-Slavery Society organized.
|1838||St. John's Episcopal Church completed in Ohio City.|
|1839||First group of Jewish settlers comes to Cleveland under the leadership of Moses Alsbacher.|
|1840||Cleveland population--6,071 (45th largest city in nation).
Ohio City population--1,577.
Cuyahoga County population--26,506.
Globe Theater opens.
|1842||Plain Dealer begins publication 7 January.|
|1843||Cleveland Medical College established.|
|1844||Steamship Empire built in Cleveland.
Village of Chagrin Falls incorporated.
|1845||City Bank of Cleveland (forerunner of National City Corp.) founded.
Chagrin Falls Township created.
Cleveland Academy of Natural Science established.
|1846||Anshe Chesed Congregation (today's Fairmount Temple) erects city's first synagogue.
Germania, the community's first German language newspaper, published.
Central High School established 13 July.
|1847||Catholic Diocese created in Cleveland 23 April.
The city's most notable hotel, the Weddell House, opens 25 June.
First telegraph line--from Cleveland to Pittsburgh--completed.
|1848||Cornerstone for St. John Cathedral laid 22 October.
Board of Trade, forerunner of the Growth Association, established.
Cleveland Library Association chartered.
|1849||Society for Savings (forerunner of Society Corp.) founded.
Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad runs first train in the city.
First street light installed.
National Meeting of the Free Soil Party held in Cleveland 13 July.
Ohio City population--6,375.
Cuyahoga County population--48,099.
Organized harness racing begins.
Cleveland Ladies Temperance Union founded.
Berea incorporated as a village.
Cleveland Iron Mining Co. established.
|1851||In Zion Lutheran Church, first Christmas tree displayed.
Cleveland, Columbus, and Cincinnati Railroad completed.
|1852||Louis Kossuth visits Cleveland.|
|1853||First African American newspaper, The Aliened-American, published 9 April.
The Cleveland Theater opens.
Federal District Court of the Northern District of Ohio established.
|1854||Cleveland and Ohio City merge 5 June.
First formal opera, Lucia di Lammermoor, performed 25 July.
Cleveland Leader begins publication 16 March.
Cuyahoga County People's (Republican) Party formed in September.
|1855||Sault Canal opens.
Baldwin University founded in Berea.
|1856||Water system begins operation.|
|1857||Omnibus service begins in the city.
Village of Olmsted Falls incorporated.
Public Square enclosed by fences.
|1858||First sewer constructed.
Cleveland (Bank) Clearinghouse established.
|1859||Oberlin-Wellington Rescuers' trial held in Cleveland.|
Cuyahoga County population--178,033.
Horsecar service inaugurated.
Perry Monument on Public Square dedicated 10 September.
Typographical Workers Union, Local 53 (Cleveland's oldest existing trade union in 1996) receives its charter.
|1861||Bagby Fugitive Slave case heard in Cleveland Federal Court.
Abraham Lincoln visits Cleveland 15 February.
|1863||German Wallace College established in Berea.
First home delivery of mail takes place in Cleveland 1 July.
Cleveland Republican John Brough elected governor of Ohio.
|1865||Lincoln's body lies in state on Public Square.
Charity Hospital opens.
Forest City amateur baseball club established.
|1866||Union Depot opens on lakefront.
Cleveland Police Department established.
|1867||Western Reserve Historical Society formed.
First history of Cleveland published, that of Charles Whittlesey.
Case Hall opens.
|1868||First "blow" of Bessemer Steel made at the Cleveland Rolling Mills 6 September.
Jewish Orphan Asylum (predecessor of Bellefaire) opens.
|1869||First professional baseball game played by the Forest City team.
Cleveland Public Library established.
Lake View Cemetery opens.
|1870||Cleveland population--92,829 (15th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--132,010.
Standard Oil Co. created 10 January.
Sherwin-Williams Co. created 3 February.
Northern Ohio Fair Association established.
|1871||Board of Park Commissioners created.
Cleveland Sunday Times, first successful Sunday paper, published 15 October.
|1872||Horse epidemic, the Epizootic, takes place.
Union Club formed.
|1873||Cleveland Bar Association established.
Newburgh annexed to Cleveland.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers moves its national offices to Cleveland.
John P. Green installed as Justice of the Peace, first African-American to hold elective office in Cleveland.
|1874||Woman's Christian Temperance League established.|
|1875||Euclid Avenue Opera House opens.
The Greenback Party holds its organizing convention in Cleveland.
|1876||Archibald Willard exhibits the "Spirit of 76."|
|1877||General railroad strikes take place.
Troop A ("First Cleveland Cavalry") formed to protect the city against strikers.
Cleveland branch of Socialist Labor Party organized.
|1878||Superior Street Viaduct opens 28 December.
Penny Press, predecessor to the Cleveland Press, begins publication 2 November.
Women's and Children's Dispensary opens.
|1879||Brush arc light installed on Public Square 29 April.
Early Settlers Association formed 19 November.
Cleveland's professional baseball team joins the National League.
|1880||Cleveland population--160,146 (12th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--196,943.
Cleveland Telephone Co. begins service.
Case School of Applied Sciences established.
Civil Engineers Club (later the Cleveland Engineering Society) formed.
The west breakwall completed.
|1881||James Garfield lies in state on Public Square after being assassinated.
Cleveland stockyards open.
Hungarian Benevolent and Social Union (HBSU) formed.
|1882||Western Reserve College moves to Cleveland.
Cleveland School of Art established, 13 November.
First Cleveland Rolling Mill strike takes place.
|1884||First electric streetcar run in the city, 26 July.
Cleveland Electric Light Co. formed.
|1885||Second Cleveland Rolling Mill strike takes place.
Hollenden Hotel opens 7 June.
Mary P. Spargo becomes first female lawyer in Cleveland.
|1886||St. Ignatius College opens 6 September.
Board of Elections organized.
Cleveland Athletic Club formed 6 February.
|1887||American Institute of Architects, Cleveland Chapter, formed.
Cleveland Press Club established.
|1888||Central Viaduct opens.
Statue of Moses Cleaveland dedicated on Public Square.
|1889||First edition of Hebrew Observer published 5 July.
Cleveland World begins publication 29 August.
South Brooklyn (Brooklyn) Village incorporated.
|1890||Cleveland population--261,353 (10th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--309,970.
Society for Savings Building opens 23 June.
The Arcade opens.
Garfield Monument dedicated in Lake View Cemetery.
First cable cars run in Cleveland.
Beeman's Pepsin Gum introduced.
|1891||National League Park (League Park) opens 1 May.
Hungarian-language newspaper, Szabadsag, published.
Halles Department Store opens.
Cleveland adopts the Federal Plan of municipal government.
The Cleveland Citizen, "American's oldest labor paper" begins publishing 31 January.
Winton Bicycle Co. established.
|1892||Central breakwall completed.
Rowfant Club established.
Tavern Club established.
|1893||Cleveland and Buffalo line starts lake steamer service.
Grays Armory opens.
|1894||Soldiers and Sailors Monument dedicated.
Polish Roman Catholic Union of the Sacred Heart of the Blessed Virgin (predecessor to Union of Poles) established.
|1895||Alta House Kindergarten opens.
Euclid Beach opens.
First interurban, Akron, Bedford, and Cleveland, begins service.
Alliance of Transylvanian Saxons founded.
East Cleveland incorporated as a village.
Cleveland Spiders win Temple Cup in baseball.
|1896||Cleveland celebrates its centennial.
Hiram House established.
|1897||Winton Motor Carriage Co. started.
Bohemian National Hall opens.
|1898||University Club opens 8 June.|
|1900||Cleveland population--381,768 (7th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--439,120.
Cleveland Automobile Club established.
First White steam car produced.
|1901||The Cleveland Blues (predecessor to the Cleveland Indians) are established as one of the first teams in the new American League.
Tom Johnson elected mayor of Cleveland.
Cleveland resident Leon Czolgosz assassinates President William McKinley.
|1902||First local Parent Teachers Association established.
Village of Linndale incorporated.
Date of municipal and county elections changed from first Tuesday in April to first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
|1903||Group Plan unveiled.
Hanna-McCormick wedding takes place in Cleveland, President Theodore Roosevelt attends.
The Village of Bay (Bay Village) achieves village status.
Bratenahl Village incorporated.
Brooklyn Heights Village incorporated.
Cleveland Heights Village incorporated.
Euclid Village incorporated.
Lakewood Village incorporated.
Rocky River Village incorporated.
|1904||Marcus A. Hanna dies.
First Italian-language newspaper, L'Italiano, established.
First official "nest" (No. 23) of the Sokol Polski formed in Cleveland.
Workmens Circle organization established.
A. M. McGregor Home established.
Newburgh Heights incorporated as a village.
Cleveland's first building code written.
|1905||First issue of the Cleveland News published 12 June.
Glenville City annexed to Cleveland.
South Brooklyn annexed to Cleveland.
|1906||George Crile performs first successful human blood transfusion.
Cleveland street names and house numbers changed and standardized 1 December.
|1907||Trinity Cathedral consecrated 24 September.
Hippodrome Theater opens.
Cleveland Zoo begins move from Wade Park to Brookside Park (completed 1914).
|1908||Collinwood School Fire.
Village of North Olmsted incorporated.
North Randall Village incorporated.
Idlewood Village (University Heights) incorporated.
|1909||Workers Gymnastic Union (a Czech organization) formed.
Tom L. Johnson loses mayoral race to Hermann Baehr.
Corlett Village annexed to Cleveland.
|1910||Cleveland population--560,663 (6th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--637,425.
Cleveland annexes Collinwood.
Tayler Grant for the operation of Cleveland's street railways goes into effect.
Village of Fairview (Fairview Park) incorporated.
Thomas W. Fleming becomes first African-American member of City Council.
Federal Building opens on Public Square as first Group Plan structure.
|1911||Cleveland Music School Settlement opens.
Tom L. Johnson dies, 11 April.
Phillis Wheatley Association founded.
East Cleveland becomes a city.
Lakewood achieves city status.
Shaker Heights Village incorporated.
Dover Village (Westlake) incorporated.
|1912||Cleveland City Club formed.
Junior League established.
Village of Nottingham annexed to Cleveland.
|1913||Home Rule City Charter approved by Cleveland voters.|
|1914||Cleveland Foundation established.
Cleveland chosen as the Fourth District headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank.
Brook Park Village incorporated.
Independence Village incorporated.
Cleveland Municipal Light Plant goes into operation.
|1915||Russell and Rowena Jelliffe found the "Playhouse Settlement," forerunner of today's Karamu House.
Beachwood Village incorporated.
Maple Heights Village incorporated.
|1916||First production by the Cleveland Play House.
Cleveland Museum of Art opens.
Women's City Club established.
Cleveland City Hall dedicated.
|1917||Detroit-Superior (Veterans Memorial) High Level Bridge opens.
Cleveland Metroparks organized.
Euclidville (Lyndhurst) incorporated as a village.
Claribel (Richmond Heights) incorporated as a village.
Solon Village incorporated.
South Euclid Village incorporated.
Negro Welfare Association (forerunner of the Urban League) founded in December.
|1918||First concert of the Cleveland Orchestra held 11 December.
Federal Court trial of Eugene Debs in Cleveland.
Cuyahoga Heights incorporated as a village.
|1919||May Day Riots in Cleveland.
Voters approve placement of a new railroad terminal on Public Square.
Community Fund campaign inaugurated.
Women's Advertising Club founded.
Valley View Village created.
Cleveland population--796,841 (5th largest city in nation).
Cleveland Institute of Music Founded.
|1921||Mayfield Village incorporated.
State, Ohio, Allen, and Hanna theaters open.
Cleveland Clinic established.
Cleveland Heights becomes a city.
|1922||WHK begins radio broadcasting in Cleveland.
Public Auditorium dedicated 15 April.
Palace Theater opens 6 November.
Brecksville Village incorporated.
Cleveland's first sewage treatment plant built.
|1923||Federal Reserve bank building completed.
WTAM (forerunner of WWWE) established.
|1924||City Manager System of government goes into effect.
Republican National Convention held in Cleveland; nominates Calvin Coolidge as its presidential candidate.
Union Trust (Huntington Building) opens.
Metropolitan Opera of New York begins its annual series of visits to Cleveland.
Hunting Valley incorporated as a village.
Parma incorporated as a village.
Pepper Pike incorporated as a village.
|1925||New Public Library building opens.
Cleveland airport (now Hopkins International) opens.
University Hospitals incorporated.
First buses used in Cleveland.
|1926||Allen Memorial Medical Library opens.
Broadview Heights Village incorporated.
Riveredge Township created.
Constitutionality of local zoning laws upheld in the case of Village of Euclid vs. Ambler Realty.
|1927||Ohio Bell Telephone Building opens on Huron Road.
Drury Theater opens.
North Royalton Village incorporated.
Seven Hills Village incorporated.
Strongsville Village incorporated.
Warrensville Heights Village incorporated.
|1928||Brush Foundation established.
Maternal Health Association (now Planned Parenthood of Cleveland) established.
Village of Orange incorporated.
|1929||Cleveland Clinic disaster occurs 15 May.
National Air Races first held in Cleveland.
Bentleyville Village incorporated.
Moreland Hills Village incorporated.
|1930||Cleveland population--900,429 (6th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,201,455.
Cleveland Union Terminal dedicated.
WGAR starts broadcasting 15 December.
Bedford incorporated as a city.
Berea incorporated as a city.
Euclid achieves city status.
Garfield Heights achieves city status.
Rocky River achieves city status.
|1931||Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens with the Schmeling-Stribling fight.
Severance Hall dedicated.
Samuel Mather dies.
Parma achieves city status.
Shaker Heights achieves city status.
|1932||Real Property Inventory of Metropolitan Cleveland begun by Howard Whipple Green.
Maple Heights achieves city status.
City Manager plan replaced by Mayor/Council form of government.
Cosmopolitan Democratic League of Cuyahoga County formed in November.
|1933||Depression-era unemployment peaks in Cleveland: nearly one-third of the city's workers jobless.
Cleveland (now Cuyahoga) Metropolitan Housing Authority established.
|1935||Shostakovich opera Lady Macbeth of Mzensk receives its American premiere at Severance Hall.
Eliot Ness becomes Safety Director of Cleveland.
Women's Federal Savings and Loan established.
Future Outlook League established by John Holly.
Cleveland Torso Murder mystery begins.
|1936||Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at Berlin Olympic Games.
Cleveland Barons hockey team established.
Great Lakes Exposition opens.
Republican National Convention nominates Alf Landon as its presidential candidate in Cleveland.
Fluorescent lighting introduced at NELA Park.
UAW Local 45 organized at General Motors's Fisher Body Plant.
|1937||Cleveland Arena opens.
Cleveland Rams begin to play professional football.
John D. Rockefeller dies.
Public housing projects open at Outhwaite, Cedar-Central, and Lakeview Terrace.
|1938||Last interurban train (Lakeshore Electric) runs from Cleveland.
Shoreway opens between East 9th Street and Gordon Park.
WBOE, school radio station, begins broadcasting.
|1939||Main Avenue Bridge opens 6 October.
First night baseball game played at Cleveland Municipal Stadium.
First Festival of Freedom held.
35,000 attend mass dedication of Cultural Gardens (begun in 1916).
|1940||Cleveland population--878,366 (6th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,217,250.
NACA, forerunner of NASA, established at the Cleveland airport.
Franklin D. Roosevelt campaigns in Cleveland 2 November.
University Heights achieves city status.
|1941||Knights of Columbus Track Meet held in Cleveland for first time.
South Euclid achieves city status.
|1942||Cleveland Transit System begins era of municipal operation of Cleveland's public transit system 28 April.
Cleveland Bomber Plant (now the I-X Center) opens at Municipal Airport 2 November.
|1944||East Ohio Gas Explosion claims 130 lives 20 October.
Woodmere Village incorporated.
|1945||Cleveland Rams win NFL football title then move to Los Angeles.
Cleveland Community Relations Board formed to promote racial harmony.
|1946||Cleveland Browns begin play in All-American Football Conference.|
|1947||Operations begin at the lakefront airport.
First successful defibrillation of a human heart by Dr. Claude S. Beck and colleagues at University Hospitals.
First telecast by WEWS, Ohio's first television station.
Cuyahoga County Regional Planning Commission formed.
|1948||Cleveland Indians win World Series.|
|1949||Cleveland named an All-America City for first time.|
|1950||Cleveland population--914,808 (highest ever, 7th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,389,532.
Browns enter the NFL and win the title.
Village of Bay (Bay Village) incorporated as a city.
Mayfield Heights incorporated as a city.
Cleveland City Council passes a Fair Employment Practices law, the first such city law in the United States.
|1951||Bedford Heights incorporated as a village.
Fairview Park achieves city status.
Lyndhurst achieves city status.
Oakwood Village incorporated.
Walton Hills Village incorporated.
|1953||Development of Southgate Shopping Center begins.|
|1954||Last streetcars run 24 January.
Marilyn Sheppard murdered in her Bay Village home.
|1955||Rapid Transit begins operation.|
|1957||Westlake achieves city status.|
|1959||Parma Heights incorporated as a city.
St. Lawrence Seaway opens.
|1960||Cleveland population--876,050 (8th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,647,895.
Erieview urban renewal plan unveiled 22 November.
Final issue of the Cleveland News published 23 January.
Brecksville achieves city status.
Broadview Heights achieves city status.
Independence achieves city status.
North Olmsted achieves city status.
Richmond Heights achieves city status.
Strongsville achieves city status.
Warrensville Heights achieves city status.
|1961||William Taylor Son & Co. first major downtown department store to close.
Bedford Heights achieves city status.
Brook Park achieves city status.
Middleburg Heights incorporated as city.
North Royalton achieves city status.
Olmsted Falls achieves city status.
Seven Hills achieves city status.
Solon achieves city status.
|1962||Innerbelt Freeway opens for its full length.|
|1963||Severance Center Mall opens.|
|1964||Cleveland State University established 18 December.|
|1965||WVIZ, educational television station, begins operation 7 February.|
|1966||Cuyahoga Community College opens its Metro Campus.
Hough Riots occur 18-24 July.
|1967||First successful coronary artery bypass operation performed at the Cleveland Clinic by Dr. Rene Favaloro.
Carl B. Stokes elected as first black mayor of a major American city.
Highland Heights becomes a city.
|1968||Northeast Ohio Area Coordinating Agency formed.
Glenville Shootout, 23-28 July.
|1969||The Palace Theater, last operating movie house on Playhouse Square, closes 20 July.
A burning oil slick on the Cuyahoga River attracts national attention, 22 June.
Euclid Beach closes 28 September.
Cleveland American Indian Center founded.
|1970||Cleveland population--750,879 (12th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,720,835.
Cleveland Cavaliers Basketball team organized.
Pepper Pike achieves city status.
Twenty-First District Caucus organized.
|1971||Cleveland Landmarks Commission established.|
|1972||Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District formed from Cleveland's sewer system and those of neighboring suburbs.
First issue of Cleveland Magazine published in April.
|1973||Cleveland Barons play their last hockey game at the Arena 4 February.|
|1974||Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority established 30 December.|
|1976||Desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools ordered by U.S. District Judge Frank J. Battisti.
First public performance by Cleveland Ballet.
|1978||On 15 December Cleveland becomes first major American city to default on its obligations since the Depression.|
|1980||Cleveland population--573,822 (19th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,498,400.
Nationally televised Presidential Debate between Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan held in Cleveland 28 October.
|1981||City Council reduced from 33 to 21 members.
Term of office for mayor and council members increased from 2 to 4 years.
|1982||Ground broken for the Sohio (BP) Building on Public Square.
Last issue of Cleveland Press published 17 June.
Cleveland named an All-America City for second time.
|1983||United Food and Commercial Workers Local 880 formed through the merger of three locals.|
|1984||Cleveland named an All-America City for third time.
Cuyahoga Works of United States Steel closes.
|1987||Cleveland emerges from default.|
|1990||Cleveland population--505,616 (23rd largest city in the nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,412,140.
Tower City Center formally opens 29 March.
|1991||Society Center Building "topped off" at 948.7 feet.|
|1993||Cleveland Indians play their last game at Municipal Stadium 3 October.
Church Square Shopping Center, centerpiece for inner-city revitalization, dedicated in April.
Cleveland named an All-America City for fifth time.
|1994||Gateway Sports Complex opens.
Frederick C. Crawford dies 9 December.
|1995||Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum opens.
Indians win American League championship.
Browns owner Art Modell announces he will move the team to Baltimore.
|1996||Cleveland celebrates its Bicentennial.|
|1997||Cleveland Indians win American League pennant, but lose the World Series in seven games to the Florida Marlins.|
|1999||Expansion Cleveland Browns play their first game.|
|2000||Cleveland population--478,403 (33rd largest city in the nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,393,848
Cleveland murder total hits lowest mark in forty years.
|2001||Jane Campbell is elected as Cleveland's first female mayor.|
|2004||Democratic Presidential candidate John Kerry holds election eve rally in Cleveland highlighting its importance to the 2004 election.|
|2006||State law is passed which prohibits cities like Cleveland from enforcing a residency requirement for municpal jobs.|
|2007||Cleveland Cavaliers reach the NBA Finals for the first time.|
|2010||Cleveland population--396,815 45th largest city in the nation)
Cuyahoga County population--1,280,122
Anthony Sowell convicted of murdering eleven women.
Cleveland hosts the Ninth Gay Games.
Cleveland Cavaliers win the NBA Championship.
Republican National Convention is held in Cleveland.
Cleveland Indians lose to the Chicago Cubs in the seventh game of the World Series.
Western Reserve Historical Society Celebrates its 150th Anniversary.
|2020||Cleveland shutdown begins in March due to the covid-19 pandemic.|
|2021||The Cleveland Indians officially change the team name to the Cleveland Guardians, in honor of the Hope Memorial Bridge and its "Guardians of Traffic" outside the stadium.|
|2021||Justin Bibb elected Mayor of Cleveland.|