MATHER, SAMUEL (13 July 1851-18 Oct. 1931), industrialist and
philanthropist, son of Samuel and Georgiana Woolson Mather, was born and
educated in Cleveland. He planned attending Harvard, then working at his
father's business, Cleveland Iron Co., but had an mining accident requiring
lengthy recuperation. In 1882, Mather affiliated with
JAMES S. PICKANDS and Jay C.
Morse to form PICKANDS, MATHER & CO., a rival to
Cleveland Iron. After 2 years, the company leased a mine in the Gogebic Range,
later acquiring interests in the Minnesota Mesabi and Michigan Marquette Ranges.
Mather allied Pickands-Mather with the steel industry, providing resources and
transportation; and facilitating the U.S. Steel merger in 1902. Success
compounded his inherited wealth.
Mather was senior warden and vestryman of
TRINITY CATHEDRAL, president of
FEDERATED CHURCHES OF GREATER CLEVELAND , and a trustee
and benefactor of HIRAM HOUSE. During
WORLD WAR I he organized the War Chest, donating over $750,000, and receiving the Cross of the Legion of Honor from the French
government. In 1919, he helped establish the COMMUNITY CHEST , contributing $100,000
annually, and in 1930 establishing a $1.6 million trust fund to insure its
prosperity. Mather married
FLORA STONE in 1881 and fathered 4 children: S. Livingston (see SAMUEL LIVINGSTON MATHER), Phillip,
Constance, and Amasa Stone. When Mather died, he was the richest man in Ohio.
His estate was divided among his children, grandchildren, and daughter-in-law,
and various charitable causes. Major benefactors included
WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY ,
UNIVERSITY HOSPITALS OF CLEVELAND ,
JOHN CARROLL UNIVERSITY, Kenyon College, the Episcopal Church, St. Luke's Hospital of
Tokyo, Japan, and the Community Chest. Because of declining stock values in the
Depression, the bequests could not be paid. As the value of the estate increased
with market improvements, heirs contested the will, since Mather had changed the
terms within a year of his death, and some bequests (notably one to WRU) were
Mather Family Papers, WRHS.