EUCLID GREEN is a small (1.1 sq. mi.) east-side Cleveland neighborhood and Statistical Planning Area (SPA). Shaped somewhat like an isosceles triangle, it is bordered roughly by Roseland Rd. on the northwest, Upper Valley Dr. near Green Rd. on the northeast, and Ivanhoe and Hillsborough Rds. on the south.
Before it was a Cleveland neighborhood, Euclid-Green was a suburb. In 1926 Cuyahoga County commissioners approved the annexation of a western segment of the village of Euclid to the City of Cleveland. The resulting Euclid-Green neighborhood was, and continues to be, largely residential, with Euclid retaining most of the region’s larger industries (Euclid was incorporated as a city in 1930.) What little commerce and industry Euclid-Green has is concentrated along and north of Euclid Ave., which skirts the base of a steep north- and west-facing escarpment. That hillside is one of the beach ridges left as Lake Erie receded more than 200 feet from its peak level 14,000 years ago.
Between 1920 and 1930 Euclid-Green’s population more than doubled, rising from 2,035 to 5,026. Large gains also were made between 1940 and 1990, during which the number of residents rose from 5,375 to 8,089, even as Cleveland’s population receded from 878,336 in 1940 to 505,616 in 1990. The 1950s and 1960s were particularly prolific, with several residential projects launched atop and around the hill leading up from Euclid Ave. Since 1990, however, Euclid-Green’s population has slid back to roughly the level it was in 1940.
The prevalence of contemporary single-family homes and winding streets gives Euclid-Green a suburban feel that is somewhat unusual for a city neighborhood. This is particularly true in the neighborhood’s eastern sections—in the Euclid Park district and around Belvoir Blvd. The community has four parks and recreational facilities: Endora Park, Duggan Playfield, Groton Playground and Belvoir Park. The Euclid Creek Reservation of the CLEVELAND METROPARKS is less than 1/2 mile to the east. Collinwood High School, northwest of the neighborhood, serves Euclid-Green residents.
AFRICAN AMERICANS comprise more than 75% of Euclid-Green’s population. The average age of a neighborhood resident is 41—almost 5 years older than that of Cleveland in general. Average income is about $3,000 higher than that of the city as a whole, while unemployment is lower. Roughly two thirds of Euclid-Green’s homes are rentals.