MACAULEY, CHARLES RAYMOND (29 March 1871-24 Nov. 1934) drew cartoons for several Cleveland newspapers before moving on to New York and a Pulitzer Prize. A native of Canton, O., he contributed his first cartoons to the Canton Repository before being lured to Cleveland in 1892 by winning a $50 prize for best cartoon from the CLEVELAND PRESS. During the 1890s Macauley's work also appeared in the CLEVELAND WORLD, the PLAIN DEALER, and the CLEVELAND LEADER. In 1899 he became cartoonist for the Philadelphia Inquirer, and he also did free-lance work for Puck, Judge, and the old Life. Macauley also wrote and illustrated novels such as Fantasmaland (1904) and a number of early screenplays for the moving pictures. From 1904-14 he was editorial cartoonist for Joseph Pulitzer's New York World, followed by a stint with the New York Globe. Among his symbolic inventions were the "Big SWtick" of Teddy Roosevelt and the camel and hippopotamus representative of drys and wets, respectively, on the Prohibition issue. He joined the staff of the Brooklyn Eagle in 1929, winning the Pulitzer Prize for a cartoon he did that year on the subject of WORLD WAR I reparations, entitled "Paying for a Dead Horse." He was working for the New York Daily Mirror when he died in New York. Married 3 times, to (1) Clara Hatter, (2) Emma Worms, and (3) Edythe Belmont Lott, he was survived by his third wife and a daughter, Clara, from the first marriage.
Spencer, Dick III. Pulitzer Prize Cartoons: The Men and Their Masterpieces (1951).