The 124TH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY REGIMENT, 1862-65, was organized at Camp Cleveland (see CIVIL WAR CAMPS IN CLEVELAND) in the fall of 1862 and mustered into federal service on 1 Jan. 1863. It moved to Elizabethtown, KY, and remained there until Feb. 1863 as a part of the District of Western Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio. The 124th was assigned to the following units during the remainder of the CIVIL WAR: 1st Brigade, 3d Div., Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Cumberland (Feb.-June 1863); 2d Brigade, 2d Div., 21st Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland (June-Oct. 1863); and 2d Brigade, 3d Div., 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland (Oct. 1863-June 1865). The regiment participated in the Chattanooga-Ringgold and Atlanta campaigns and was active in the relief of Knoxville, TN. The unit was mustered out at Nashville on 9 July 1865, and its men paid off and discharged at Camp Cleveland shortly thereafter. The 124th lost 85 men to hostile action and 125 to disease.
Lewis, George W. The Campaigns of the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry (1894).