The 7TH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY REGIMENT, 1861-64, was the first CIVIL WAR regiment rendezvoused and organized in Cleveland. Three companies were composed solely of Clevelanders, while Clevelanders served as officers in other companies, giving the unit a total of 610 local men. The 7th was raised at Camp Taylor (see CIVIL WAR CAMPS IN CLEVELAND) on 22-25 Apr. 1861 and mustered into federal service on 30 Apr. 

The 7th was one of the most experienced regiments of the Union armies. They served in three different Union armies: the Army of Virginia, under US General John Pope, the Army of the Potomac, and the Army of the Cumberland. They saw action all across the eastern theater, fighting in many of the major campaigns. The list of their battles includes Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Ringgold Gap, and Resaca.

In addition to its battlefield experience, the 7th was also sent to help quell the New York City draft riots in Aug.-Sept. 1863. 

The regiment left the front on 11 June 1864 as the soldiers’ terms expired. It was then mustered out and its men paid off and discharged at Camp Cleveland on 6 July 1864. Veterans who wished to continue serving were reenlisted and transferred to the 5th Ohio. The unit lost 10 officers and 174 men to hostile action and 2 officers and 87 men to disease.

The History of Cuyahoga County, Ohio, compiled by Crisfield Johnson, asserts that “Taking it all in all, considering the number of its battles, its marches, its losses, its conduct in action, it may safely be said that not a single regiment in the United States gained more lasting honor or deserved better of its country than the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry.”

Numerous monuments were erected to the 7th and their service after the war. One pillar is in WOODLAND CEMETERY in Cleveland. Another is located near Culp’s Hill in Gettysburg. In addition, they share a monument with the 5th and 66th Ohio at Antietam.

Unit Assignments:

Railroad District, WV June-Dec. 1861
3d Brigade, Lander's Div., Army of the Potomac Jan.-Mar. 1862
3d Brigade, 2d Div., 5th Army Corps, Dept. of the Shenandoah Mar.-May 1862
3d Brigade, Shield's Div., Dept. of the Rappahannock May-June 1862
2d Brigade, 1st Div., 2d Corps, Army of Virginia June-Aug. 1862
1st Brigade, 2d Div., 2d Corps, Army of Virginia Aug.-Sept. 1862
1st Brigade, 2d Div., 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac Sept. 1862 - Oct. 1863
Army of the Cumberland Oct. 1863 - Apr. 1864
1st Brigade, 2d Div., 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland May-July 1864


Updated by Meghan Schill

Black, white and red text reading Western Reserve Historical Society

 Finding Aid for the Regimental Papers of the Civil War, WRHS.



Cleveland Historical Logo

 View more at Cleveland Historical.


Wilder, George L. The History of Co. C, Seventh Regiment, O.V.I. (1866).

Wood, George L. The Seventh Regiment (1865).

Article Categories