The 7TH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY REGIMENT, 1861-64, was the first CIVIL WAR regiment rendezvoused and organized in Cleveland. Three companies were composed solely of Clevelanders, while Clevelanders served as officers in other companies, giving the unit a total of 610 local men. The 7th was raised at Camp Taylor (see CIVIL WAR CAMPS IN CLEVELAND) on 22-25 Apr. 1861 and mustered into federal service on 30 Apr. It spent May-June at Camp Dennison near Cincinnati. Afterward it was assigned to the following units: Railroad District, WV (June-Dec. 1861); 3d Brigade, Lander's Div., Army of the Potomac (Jan.-Mar. 1862); 3d Brigade, 2d Div., 5th Army Corps, Dept. of the Shenandoah (Mar.-May 1862); 3d Brigade, Shield's Div., Dept. of the Rappahannock (May-June 1862); 2d Brigade, 1st Div., 2d Corps, Army of Virginia (June-Aug. 1862); 1st Brigade, 2d Div., 2d Corps, Army of Virginia (Aug.-Sept. 1862); 1st Brigade, 2d Div., 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac (Sept. 1862-Oct. 1863); Army of the Cumberland (Oct. 1863-Apr. 1864); and 1st Brigade, 2d Div., 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland (May-July 1864). The 7th participated in the battles of Winchester, Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg and was sent to help quell the New York City draft riots in Aug.-Sept. 1863. The regiment was mustered out and its men paid off and discharged at Camp Cleveland on 8 July 1864. The unit lost 10 officers and 174 men to hostile action and 2 officers and 87 men to disease.
Wilder, George L. The History of Co. C, Seventh Regiment, O.V.I. (1866).
Wood, George L. The Seventh Regiment (1865).