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TODD, THOMAS WINGATE

TODD, THOMAS WINGATE

TODD, THOMAS WINGATE (15 Jan. 1885-28 Dec. 1938), professor of anatomy at Western Reserve University Medical School (See: CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY), was born in Sheffield, England to James and Katharine Wingate Todd, and graduated with M.B. and Ch.B. degrees from Manchester University and London Hospital in 1907. He served at Manchester as a junior and senior demonstrator of anatomy (1907-08), and lecturer on anatomy and clinical anatomy (1910-12); and at the Royal Infirmary as house surgeon and lecturer (1909). During WORLD WAR I, Capt. Todd was surgical medical officer with the 110th Canadian Regiment base hospital in London, Ontario. Appointed Henry Wilson Payne Professor of Anatomy at WRU, Todd came to America in 1912. In 1920, he became director of the Hamann Museum of Comparative Anthropology & Anatomy. In teaching, Todd was an innovator, using roentgenology and fluoroscopy extensively, and devising a stereoscopic slide projector for his lectures. With the opening of new School of Medicine facilities in 1924, he created a modern anatomy department, including a medical librarian, statistician, medical illustrator, machinist, photographic staff, animal facilities, and embalmer. To the Hamann Museum, he added a curator and assembled a comprehensive osteologic collection, including the world's largest collections of anthropoid and documented human skeletons. He authored The Atlas of Skeletal Maturation, enabling doctors to determine the health and maturation of children by examining the bones of their hands. Todd married Eleanor Pearson in 1912 and had 3 children, Arthur, Donald, and Eleanor.