Category: Science

ALLYNE, EDMUND E. (25 Dec. 1874-18 Aug. 1961) prominent in the foundry industry and in automotive and refrigeration development, was born in Cleveland, the son of Joseph H. and Anna M. (Wightman) Allyne and attended public schools here. After five years with the Ohio National Guard 1893-98, he organized and operated Allyne Bros. foundry 1900-09, selling it in order to form the Aluminum Castings Co.

The CLEVELAND ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES (known later as the Kirtland Society of Natural Sciences) was Cleveland's first scientific organization and the forerunner of the CLEVELAND MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. The academy was formally organized on 24 Nov. 1845 by JARED P.

The CLEVELAND LIBERALIST was the personal organ of Dr. Samuel Underhill, a semiretired physician of advanced rationalist philosophy. Introduced on 10 Sept. 1836, the 8-page, 3-column weekly was nearly as much magazine as newspaper in format, preferring scientific expositions over political manifestoes.

The CLEVELAND MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY (inc. 1920) is the latest and most public in a long Cleveland tradition of institutions focused on natural history. Earlier organizations included the "ARK," the CLEVELAND ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, and the Kirtland Society of Natural Sciences.

DIETZ, DAVID (6 Oct. 1897-9 Dec. 1984), covered science and medicine for the CLEVELAND PRESS and all Scripps-Howard newspapers for over 50 years. Born in Cleveland, the son of Henry W.

DUNKLE, DAVID HOSBROOK (9 Sept. 1911-3 Jan. 1984) was an internationally known palentologist. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, he grew up in Indiana and attended the University of Kansas. After receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1939, where he studied under famed paleontologist Alfred S.

FRASCH, HERMAN (25 Dec. 1851-1 May 1914), chemical engineer and inventor whose work proved valuable to the STANDARD OIL CO., was born in Gaildorf, State of Wurttemberg, Germany and apprenticed to a druggist before coming to Philadelphia in 1868, working at the College of Pharmacy before opening his own shop in 1873 to apply chemistry to industrial problems.

FROHING, PAUL R., (2 Aug. 1903-14 Jan. 1998), was a pioneer in nutritional research who helped develop infant formula and antibiotics and became a well known philanthropist. He was born in Cleveland to William E. Frohring, a locomotive engineer, and Martha L. (Bliss) Frohring.

GEOLOGY & NATURAL RESOURCES. Cleveland sits at the junction of 2 major land types. From the Portage Escarpment southeast and east of the city, the glaciated Allegheny Plateau rises in gradually higher ridges to the Appalachian Crest. To the west the Central Lowlands roll across the prairies of Illinois to the trans-Mississippi plains.

GLENNAN, THOMAS K. (8 Sept. 1905-11 Apr. 1995) was a leading figure in the national scientific community as well as president of Case Institute of Technology (see CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY).

HOVORKA, FRANK (5 Aug. 1897-9 Apr. 1984), chemistry professor and a leader in electrochemistry, was born to Frank and Anna (Pavlova) Hovorka in Cernicorvce, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (presently the Czech Republic), where he learned barbering and attended business school at night. In 1913, he came to the U.S., settling in a Czech settlement in Amana, Iowa, barbering in nearby Waterloo.

HUNTER, JOSEPH L. (16 May 1913 - 23 Aug. 1996) was an internationally recognized acoustics expert who became a leader in the field of supersonic research in 1938. He was born in New York to Francis and Helen N. (Higgens) Hunter. He earned his BS from Manhattan College in 1934, and his MS (1936) and Ph.D. (1940) in physics from Catholic University of America.

LAUCK, JOHN ALFRED (4 April 1909 - 24 May 1999) was a pioneering industrial engineer who developed one of the first heart-lung machines used in early open-heart surgery. He was born in Painesville, Ohio, to Nella (Anderson) and Arthur E. Lauk. He graduated from Elyria High School and attended Ohio State University where he earned a bachelor's degree in industrial engineering.

LIGHTS OUT CLEVELAND, is part of a growing international urban movement to protect migratory birds endangered by city lights. A partner of the statewide Ohio Lights Out, It inaugurated its first season monitoring bird migrations in 2014.

LOEBELL, ERNST (23 Oct. 1902-19 Sept. 1979) was an engineer whose extracurricular interest in rocketry made Cleveland an early center for research in that field. A native of Germany, he received degrees from Breslau and Oldenburg Universities and became a member of the pioneering German Interplanetary Society of Berlin.

MABERY, CHARLES F. (13 Jan. 1850-26 June 1927), chemist, professor, and researcher, was born in New Gloucester, Maine to Henry and Elizabeth Mabery and received a public-school education. In 1876 he earned a bachelor's degree from Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard University, and in 1881 received a Ph.D. from Harvard Graduate School.

MICHELSON, ALBERT ABRAHAM (19 Dec. 1852-9 May 1931), the first American to win a Nobel prize in the sciences (physics, 1907), was born in Strelno, Prussia (Strzelno, Poland), the son of Rosalie (Przylubska) and Samuel Michelson. He came to America with his parents in 1855. Michelson was educated in San Francisco and Virginia City, NV and attended the U.S.

The MICHELSON-MORLEY EXPERIMENT was performed in the basement of a WESTERN RESERVE UNIV. dormitory in July 1887 by ALBERT A. MICHELSON of the Case School of Applied Science and EDWARD W. MORLEY of Western Reserve Univ.

MILLER, DAYTON CLARENCE (13 Mar. 1866-22 Feb. 1941) was a pioneer user of x-rays. Born in STRONGSVILLE, Ohio to Charles Webster Dewey and Vienna Pomeroy Miller, he was raised in BEREA and graduated from Baldwin University (BALDWIN-WALLACE COLLEGE) in 1886.

MORGAN, GARRETT A. (4 Mar. 1877 [sometimes given as 1879]-27 July 1963), was an important inventor and businessman active in the affairs of Cleveland's black community. Among his most notable inventions were an early gas mask and a traffic light. Born in Paris, Ky., to Sydney, a former slave and son of Confederate Col. John H.

MORLEY, EDWARD WILLIAMS (29 Jan. 1838-24 Feb. 1923), scientist and professor at WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY whose work with ALBERT MICHELSON laid a foundation for Albert Einstein's later work, was born in Newark, N.J., to Sardis Brewster and Anna Clarissa Treat Morley.

NASSAU, JASON J. (29 Mar. 1893-11 May 1965), astronomer and skillful popularizer, was born in Smyrna, Turkey, to Greek parents, John and Maria Christie Nassau. He earned a Ph.D. from Syracuse University, and did graduate study at Columbia, Cambridge and Edinburgh Universities.

ODENBACH, FREDERICK L., SJ (21 Oct. 1857-15 Mar. 1933), priest, meteorologist, and professor at JOHN CARROLL UNIVERSITY for 40 years, was born in Rochester, N.Y., the son of John and Elizabeth Minges Odenbach. He received his bachelor's degree from Canisius College in Buffalo in 1881, joined the Society of Jesus in Sept.

PRINDLE KARL E. (10 Dec. 1902 - 13 Oct.1998) was twenty-four when he developed moisture-proof cellophane for DuPont in the mid-1920s. He was born in Charlotte, Vermont, to Carrie and Edwin H. Prindle, a lumberman at a sawmill. In 1925, Prindle graduated from Oberlin College. Prindle worked for DuPont after college until he began working for Dobeckmun Co. of Cleveland, now Dow Chemical, in 1932.