The PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD was one of the 3 major components of the
Several other lines established rail connections in Cleveland that eventually became part of the Pennsylvania Railroad. In 1851 the C&P was granted the charter of the Cleveland, Mt. Vernon & Delaware in order to construct a line from Cleveland to Hudson, Cuyahoga Falls, and Akron to connect with a road located between Massillon and Wooster. In 1852 the C&P's Akron branch was organized, and a road was built from Hudson south to Millersburg, which became known as the Cleveland, Zanesville & Cincinnati. Falling on hard times, the CZ&C entered receivership in 1861 and was transferred to the Pittsburgh, Ft. Wayne & Chicago, which in turn came under the control of the Pennsylvania in 1869. The same year, the Pennsylvania sold the CZ&C to the Pittsburgh, Mt. Vernon, Columbus & London Railroad, creating a new line, the Cleveland, Mt. Vernon & Delaware Railroad Co., which completed its line from Hudson to Columbus on the C&P tracks. Twelve years later, in 1881, the CMV&D went into default and eventually was sold to the Cleveland, Akron & Columbus Railway Co. By 1899 the Pennsylvania had purchased a majority of its capital stock.
Like its rival, the NYC, the Pennsylvania grew through mergers and absorptions into one of the largest rail systems in the country. By the 1920s it was one of 7 trunk lines that gave Cleveland its reputation for having one of the best transportation systems in the country. At its height, the Pennsylvania Railroad operated over 66 trains daily through Cleveland. It owned a substantial amount of property in the Cleveland area, including
After World War II the Pennsylvania gradually reduced its service. A 1955 management reorganization decentralized company operations from a 3-region and 18-division system to one of 9 regions, with Cleveland becoming headquarters for the Lake Region. In 1959 the Pennsylvania eliminated Cleveland service on several commuter routes, including shuttle runs from Alliance. In 1964, the company cut the Cleveland-to-Pittsburgh run, ending service at Youngstown, and the following year the PUCO allowed the railroad to end passenger service to Youngstown, Bedford, Macedonia, Hudson, and Ravenna, after which the Pennsylvania closed its main station at Euclid and E. 55th St. The Pennsylvania merged with the New York Central in 1968 to form the Penn Central Railroad, which in turn was taken over by ConRail in 1976.