SOUTH EUCLID, originally a part of EUCLID TWP., was incorporated as a village in 1917 and as a city in June 1941. It occupies 4.7 sq. mi., bounded by CLEVELAND HEIGHTS on the west, LYNDHURST on the east, RICHMOND HEIGHTS on the north, and UNIVERSITY HEIGHTS on the south.
During the 19th century, farming was the predominant occupation, with a scattering of small businesses that served the farming community (see AGRICULTURE). In 1867 Duncan McFarland opened a stone quarry along Euclid Creek, providing the area with its first and best-known INDUSTRY. Access to the region was improved by the construction of a plank toll road along Mayfield Rd. in 1877 and of an interurban railroad in 1899 (see INTERURBANS).
The village grew slowly until the installation of utilities after WORLD WAR I; the population rose to 6,146 by 1940. As a city, South Euclid adopted a mayor-council form of government. Major growth occurred after WORLD WAR II. In 1980 the population stood at 29,000. It declined to 23,866 in 1990 and 23,537 in 2000. Jews (see JEWS & JUDAISM) and ITALIANS constituted 68% of the population.
Shopping districts developed at the intersections of Cedar and Warrensville Center and Green and Mayfield roads. Some light manufacturing firms located near Green and Monticello roads. A branch of the CUYAHOGA COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY SYSTEM has been in the old William Telling mansion since 1950, next to the SOUTH EUCLID HISTORICAL SOCIETY. The city's school system is combined with that of Lyndhurst. NOTRE DAME COLLEGE is in South Euclid, as are a variety of parochial schools, churches, and synagogues. Recreational facilities in 2000 included a portion of the Euclid Creek Reservation of the CLEVELAND METROPARKS SYSTEM, 4 parks, three swimming pools, baseball and softball diamonds, fitness trails, picnic areas, tennis courts.
See also SUBURBS.
South Euclid, Golden Jubilee Book Committee, Golden Jubilee, 1917-1967, South Euclid (1967).