Category: Education

ALTERNATIVE SCHOOLS. The alternative-schools movement began in the 1960s, when parents began to demand choices in the schooling of their children. Specifically, alternative schools were institutions, often not state-accredited, serving the traditional school population but privately controlled and supported because the traditional systems were not meeting the needs. Cleveland has had several alternative schools. In 1968 Rev.

The AMERICAN ECONOMIC FOUNDATION was organized in Cleveland by Fred G. Clark in 1939 to promote the libertarian ideals of a free market and limited government. Clark moved the foundation to New York City in the 1940s, where it continued its successful education program to improve economic literacy and to demonstrate the virtues of the capitalist system in the U.S.

ARBUTHNOT, MAY HILL (August 27, 1884-October 2, 1969) was a nationally known educator and author who wrote several children's books and works on early childhood education. Born May Hill in Mason City, Iowa, to Frank and Mary E. (Seville) Hill, she received a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Chicago in 1922 and an Master of Arts from Columbia University in 1924.

ASBURY SEMINARY, incorporated in 1839 in CHAGRIN FALLS by the Methodist Conference, offered an advanced secondary education during the mid-1800s. It provided teacher training, business education, and a college preparatory course. The seminary was named for Rev. Francis Asbury, an American Methodist bishop. Rev. Lorenzo D.

BALDWIN-WALLACE UNIVERSITY (formerly Baldwin-Wallace College) is a liberal-arts university related to the United Methodist church. Located in BEREA, the college's campus extends from Eastland Rd. to Front St., and from E. 5th Ave. to Center St. In 1995 the total plant consisted of 54 buildings on 56 acres. The roots of the college date back to Mar.

BENJAMIN, CHARLES H. (29 Aug. 1856-2 Aug. 1937), a mechanical engineer and educator at Case School of Applied Science from 1889-1907, established that school's mechanical engineering department. Benjamin was born in Patten, Maine, the son of Samuel E. and Ellen Fairfield Benjamin.

BENTON, ELBERT JAY (23 Mar. 1871-28 Mar. 1946), was an author, educator, historian, and college administrator. Born in Dubuque, Iowa, to Oliver Dustin and Sarah Proctor Benton, Elbert grew up in Kansas where he received his A.B. degree from Campbell College, Kansas City University.

BIELEN, CASIMIR (10 Feb. 1925-2 Sept. 1992), educator and clean-air activist, participated in more than 80 organizations, including nationality groups and political and educational organizations. The NATIONALITIES SERVICES CENTER recognized Bielen's fundraising efforts in 1977.

BOURNE, HENRY E. (13 Apr. 1862-19 June 1946), an expert on the French Revolution and history professor at Flora Stone Mather College, was born in East Hamburg, N.Y., son of James and Isabella (Staples) Bourne. He earned his B.A. (1883) and B.D. (1887) from Yale University. Bourne also received a L.H.D. degree from Marietta College and a L.L.D. degree from Western Reserve College.

BRADBURN, CHARLES (16 July 1808-12 Aug.1872) was a merchant and a leader in the organization and development of CLEVELAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, called the "Father of Cleveland Schools", who worked from 1841-1861 as a member of the school board and/or City Council to establish Cleveland schools.

BRETT, WILLIAM HOWARD (1 July 1846-24 Aug. 1918), librarian of CLEVELAND PUBLIC LIBRARY and founder of the Western Reserve University Library School, was born in Braceville, Ohio to Morgan Lewis and Jane Brokaw Brett. He became the school librarian at Warren High School at 14.

BRIGGS, PAUL WARREN (23 Nov. 1912-10 Nov. 1989), Superintendent of the CLEVELAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS (1964-1978), made physical improvements and recruited BLACKS as teachers and administrators but opposed integration by busing. Briggs was born in Mayville, Michigan, and graduated from Western Michigan College.

BROWN, ANNE HATHAWAY (16 Mar. 1852- 6 Sep. 1928) was born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island. Brown was the namesake and headmistress of HATHAWAY BROWN SCHOOL in Shaker Heights, Ohio, from 1886-1890.

BROWN, CONELLA JEAN COULTER (26 Sept. 1925 – 9 Jan. 2022) was an educator and the first woman Assistant Superintendent appointed by a major Ohio School District. She was, at the time of her appointment in 1972, the highest ranking African American woman in Ohio in the field of education.

CAMLS (the Cleveland Area Metropolitan Library System), a consortium of libraries established in 1975, fosters increased access to area library collections and coordinates services among its members. It was created under the provisions of a federal Library Services & Construction Act (LSCA) grant secured by its predecessor, the Library Council of Greater Cleveland, an informal group organized in the early 1960s.

CAMPEN, RICHARD NEWMAN (1 Aug. 1912 - 24 Oct. 1997) was an architectural historian and author who wrote extensively on architecture and outdoor sculpture in his native state. He was born in Cleveland to Otille (Newman), a school teacher and housewife, and Mort J. Campen, of Campen Bros. dress manufacturers. He graduated Cleveland Heights High School in 1930 and earned a bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College in 1934.

CAPERS, JEAN (EUGENIA) MURRELL (11 January, 1913-18 July, 2017) in 1949 became the first African-American woman elected to Cleveland City Council. Despite the challenges of being both black and female, she enjoyed a long, lively, and contentious career in public life.

CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY (abbr. CWRU) is an independent research university located in UNIVERSITY CIRCLE.

CATHEDRAL LATIN SCHOOL, a Catholic college preparatory school for boys, was founded by Bp. JOHN P. FARRELLY in 1916 at Euclid Ave. and East Blvd., with its administration building at 11105 Euclid, later Hitchcock Hall of CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV. (CWRU).

CATHOLIC LABOR EDUCATION in Cleveland operated from 1939 until the early 1970s. Cleveland was one of the most prominent and long lasting centers of Catholic labor schools in the United States.


CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL was established on 13 July 1846, ten years after Cleveland was incorporated and 15 years before the CIVIL WAR began. Central High was the first public high school in Cleveland and the first free public high school west of the Allegheny

CHARTER SCHOOLS, known in Ohio as "community schools," appeared in Cleveland as elsewhere in the United States beginning in the 1990s. Charter schools represent one version of the reform called "school choice," which seeks to improve education by providing students more options.

CHESNUTT, HELEN MARIA (6 Dec. 1880-7 Aug. 1969), a Latin instructor and co-author of a Latin textbook, was a notable figure among the earliest women of color in American classical education.

The CLEVELAND ACADEMY was created in 1821, when the trustees of the Village of Cleveland raised over $200 for the construction of a new and larger school. The new 2-story brick schoolhouse, completed in 1822, was located on the north side of St. Clair Ave. On 26 June 1822, the academy was opened under the direction of Rev. Wm. McLean as headmaster.