Patricia Marshall is Professor Emerita of Bioethics. Dr. Marshall received her Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of Kentucky in 1983. Her research interests and publications have focused on multiculturalism and the application of bioethics practices, international research ethics and informed consent, HIV prevention among injection drug users, procurement practices for organ transplantation in India, and clinical ethics consultations. In 1999 she co-edited a volume on Integrating Cultural, Observational, and Epidemiological Approaches in the Prevention of Drug Abuse and HIV/AIDS. She is now working a book that explores the relationship between anthropology and bioethics. She is also preparing a monograph for the World Health Organization that addresses ethical challenges related to biomedical and behavioral research in resource-poor settings.
Dr. Marshall is a past member of the executive boards of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities, the Society for Medical Anthropology, and the Society for Bioethics Consultation. Dr. Marshall also served on the Advisory Board for the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health. In 1999, Dr. Marshall served as a consultant to the President's National Bioethics Advisory Commission on their project examining ethical issues in international health research. In 2000, she was a consultant to the World Health Organization's Council for International Organization of Medical Societies on their revision of ethical guidelines for international research. Dr. Marshall was appointed to the National Academy of Sciences study panel on IRBs, Surveys and Social Science Research in 2001. In 1991, Dr. Marshall was awarded a three year Kellogg Foundation National Fellowship for creative leadership.
- Research Ethics
- Cross-Cultural Issues
- HIV and AIDS
Dr. Marshall's current research activities include a cross-cultural study of informed consent to genetic epidemiological research on hypertension and breast cancer in the U.S. and Nigeria. She is a member of the investigative team for the development of a haplotype map for the human genome at project sites in Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa. Dr. Marshall is working with colleagues on a multi-site study of effective strategies for hepatitis B vaccinations for injection drug users. She is a co-investigator on a multi-site study of challenges associated with informed consent in tissue donation in the U.S. She is now developing a study of informed consent practices in HIV clinical trials being implemented in Uganda.