Sexual Assault & Violence Educators (SAVE)

Take a Stand Against Domestic Violence Advocate Awareness logo

Information on Sexual assault and Domestic Violence

SAVE is an Undergraduate Student Government (USG)-recognized student group cosponsored by the Flora Stone Mather Center for Women at CWRU.

To learn more about SAVE or schedule a presentation please email

Defining Domestic Violence

A graphic demonstrating the "Cycle of Violence: Starting with tension builds, then abuse takes place, then apologies, excuses, amends (and back to the beginning)

Intimate Partner Violence

Describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner. This type of violence can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy.

Physical violence

Is when a person hurts or tries to hurt a partner by hitting, kicking, or other types of physical force.

Sexual violence

Is forcing a partner to take part in a sex act when the partner does not consent.

Threats of physical or sexual violence

Include the use of words, gestures, weapons, or other means to communicate the intent to cause harm.

Emotional abuse

Is threatening a partner or his or her possession or loved ones, or harming a partners send of self worth. Examples are stalking, name-calling, intimidation, or not letting a partner see friends or family.

Source: Ko Ling Chan, PhD, Murray A. Straus, PhD, Douglas A. Brownridge, PhD, Agnes Tiwari, PhD, and W. C. Leung, MBBS. "Prevalence of Dating Partner Violence and Suicidal Ideation Among Male and Female University Students Worldwide: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health 53.6 (2008)29-537

Definitions of Sexual Assault

Sexual Assault

Any unwanted sexual contact. This includes rape, acquaintance rape, incest, forced sodomy, unwanted fondling and kissing, assault with an object, and verbal threats.


Forced sexual intercourse. "Force" includes physical force, as well as psychological coercion. Vaginal, oral and anal penetration; attempted rape; and same-sex and opposite-sex forced sexual intercourse are all considered rape.

Acquaintance Rape

Forced sexual intercourse between people who know each other. When one person forces, coerces, or manipulates someone they know - whether they've known each other for a year or just met - into having sex against their will, its still rape. Acquaintance rape is four times more common that stranger rape.


An affirmative, conscious decision - indicated clearly by words or actions - to engage in mutually acceptable sexual activity. Nobody can give consent - legally or ethically  - if they are drunk or high, unconscious, frightened, physically or psychologically pressured or forced, intimidated, mentally or physically impaired, beaten threatened, isolated, confined, or they are considered under-age (based on the state one lives in).

Source: Ohio Criminal Code 2003 - Anderson Publishing Findlaw for Legal Professionals


20%-25% of women in college reported having experienced an attempted or completed rape while in college.(1)

On Average 24 people per minute are victims of rape, physical violence, or stalking by an intimate partner in the U.S. In a year, that's more than 12 million women and men.(2)

90% of college women who are victims of rape or attempted rape know their assailant. The perpetrator is usually a classmate, friend, boyfriend, or ex partner.(3)

  1. Fisher BS, Cullen FT, Turner, MG. 2000. The Sexual Victimization of College Women. U.S. Department of Justice National Institute of Justice, Publication No. NCJ182369
  2. National Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey 2010 Summary Report
  3. Acquaintance Rape of College Students Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Series No. 17

Health Impacts on Victims of Sexual Violence (SV) and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

  • Anger and stress leading to mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Chronic pain, recurrent body aches, leadaches, digestive problems, asthma
  • Coping by engaging in alcohol/drug abuse, disordered eating, or risky sexual behaviors
  • Low self-esteem, poor body image, mistrust of others, relationship problems
  • Physical injuries including cuts, scratches, bruises, welts, broken bones, internal bleeding, head trauma
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections (S.T.I.'s) or unintended pregnancy
  • Trauma-related symptoms: flashbacks, avoidance, panic attacks, difficulty sleeping, nightmares, feeling nervous/jumpy

Dating Bill of Rights

I have a right to:

  • Ask for a date
  • Refuse a date
  • Suggest activities
  • Refuse any activities, even if my date is excited about them
  • Have my own feelings and be able to express them
  • Say, "I think my friend is wrong and his actions are inappropriate"
  • Tell someone not to interrupt me
  • Have my limits and values respected
  • Tell my partner when I need affection
  • Refuse affection
  • Be heard
  • Refuse to lend money
  • Refuse sex any time, for any reason
  • Have friends and space aside from my partner

I have the responsibility to:

  • Determine my limits and values
  • Respect the limits of others
  • Communicate clearly and honestly
  • Not violate the limits of others
  • Ask for help when I need it
  • Be considerate
  • Check my actions and decisions to determine whether they are good or bad for me
  • Set high goals for myself