Esther I. Bernhofer, PhD, MA, RN, PMGT-BC

Associate Professor
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing

Teaching Information

Teaching Interests

  • Management of  acute and chronic pain
  • Ethics
  • Qualitative methodology
  • Theory
  • Evidence-based practice

Research Information

Research Interests

  • Values-based pain management
  • Pain management education
  • Bioethics
  • Development and psychometric testing of knowledge tests and survey instruments
  • Concept analysis and theory development

Awards and Honors

Distinguished Nurse of the Year Award Nominee
March of Dimes (Ohio)
Research Poster of the Year
American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN)
Faces of Care Award - Nursing Research
Cleveland Clinic
Nancy M. Albert Excellence in Nursing Research Award
American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN) Clinical Practice
Nurses Educational Funds Scholarship for Doctoral Studies


Bernhofer, E. (2020). 2E Using a values-based pain management model to identify and bridge the gaps in pain management. Pain Management Nursing, 21(2), 210.

Bernhofer, E. I. (2019). Bioethics and pain management: a new and practical application. Pain Management Nursing, 20(2), 99.

Bernhofer, E. I., & Kelsey, N. C. (2018). Pain Management Education for Nurses: Simulation vs. Traditional Lecture, a Comparative Parallel-Group Design Study. Pain Management Nursing, 19(2), 102.

Bernhofer, E., & Fink, K. (2018). Measuring pain management values in clinicians: development and psychometric analysis of a new instrument. The Journal of Pain, 19(3), S96.

Bernhofer, E. I., & Burchill, C. N. (2019). Developing and evaluating multiple-choice tests for trustworthiness. Journal for Nurses in Professional Development, 35(4), 204-209. doi:10.1097/NND.0000000000000539

Bernhofer, E. I., Marie, B. S., & Bena, J. F. (2017). A New Clinical Pain Knowledge Test for Nurses:   Development and Psychometric Evaluation. Pain Management Nursing, 18(4), 224-233. doi:

Bernhofer, E. I., Masina, V. M., Sorrell, J., & Modic, M. B. (2017). The pain experience of patients hospitalized with inflammatory bowel disease: a phenomenological study. Gastroenterology Nursing, 40(3), 200-207. doi: 10.1097/SGA.0000000000000137.

Bernhofer, E.I., Hosler, R. & Karius, D. (2016). Nurses’ written responses to pain management values education: a content analysis. Pain Management Nursing, 17(6) 384-391.

Bernhofer, E.I. (2016). Investigating the concept of rest for research and practice. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(5), 1012–1022. doi: 10.1111/jan.12910


Doctor of Philosophy
Case Western Reserve University
Master of Arts
The Ohio State University
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
University of Akron