Dissemination & Implementation (D&I)

What is Dissemination and Implementation Research?

"Dissemination research is the study of how we can effectively convey evidence and information. Implementation research addresses the challenge of how we can move effective programs, guidelines, interventions and policies into real-world settings so that their potential health benefit for patients and the public at large can be realized."

-National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS)

Translational Science Spectrum
The translational science spectrum represents each stage of research along the path from the biological basis of health and disease to interventions that improve the health of individuals and the public.

    Translational Science Benefits Model

    D&I of research evidence should result in measurable improved outcomes in broad domains as outlined in the Translational Science Benefits Model, including clinical and medical, community and public health, economic, and policy and legislative benefits. We will regularly measure impact in these broader categories, including assessment of resource needs and cost of scaling up strategies, and the level of resources required to implement research evidence to reach the least resourced groups of patients, providers, and communities.

    Learn More about D&I Research

    Important D&I Publications and Links

    Title Authors
    Dissemination and implementation science resources, training, and scientific activities provided through CTSA programs nationally: Opportunities to advance D&I research and training capacity Rachel C. Shelton, Rowena J. Dolor , Jonathan Tobin, Ana Baumann, Catherine Rohweder, Sapana Patel and Laura-Mae Baldwin
    Integrating dissemination and implementation sciences within Clinical and Translational Science Award programs to advance translational research: Recommendations to national and local leaders Tara G. Mehta, Jane Mahoney, Aaron L. Leppin, Kathleen R. Stevens, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie, Brad H. Pollock, Rachel C. Shelton, Rowena Dolor, Harold Pincus, Sapana Patel, and Justin B. Moore
    Dissemination and implementation science activities across the Clinical Translational Science Award (CTSA) Consortium: Report from a survey of CTSA leaders Rowena J. Dolor, Enola Proctor, Kathleen R. Stevens, Leslie R. Boone, Paul Meissner, and Laura-Mae Baldwin
    Situating dissemination and implementation sciences within and across the translational research spectrum

    Aaron L Leppin, Jane E Mahoney, Kathleen R Stevens, Stephen J Bartels, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Rowena J Dolor, Enola K Proctor, Linda Scholl, Justin B Moore, Ana A Baumann, Catherine L Rohweder, Joan Luby, Paul Meissner

    Title Authors
    Writing implementation research grant proposals: ten key ingredients

    Enola K Proctor, Byron J Powell, Ana A Baumann, Ashley M Hamilton, Ryan L Santens

    Outcomes for Implementation Research: Conceptual Distinctions, Measurement Challenges, and Research Agenda Enola Proctor, Hiie Silmere, Ramesh Raghavan, Peter Hovmand, Greg Aarons, Alicia Bunger, Richard Griffey, and Melissa Hensley
    Title Author
    The PRECIS-2 tool: designing trials that are fit for purpose

    Kirsty Loudon, Shaun Treweek, Frank Sullivan, Gordon F Cheesbrough, Peter Donnan, Kevin E Thorpe, Merrick Zwarenstein

    Designing provider-focused implementation trials with purpose and intent: introducing the PRECIS-2-PS tool

    Wynne E. Norton, Kirsty Loudon, David A. Chambers and Merrick Zwarenstein