The terms exempt and non-exempt refer to provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Non-exempt positions are subject to specific minimum wage, timekeeping, and overtime requirements. Exempt positions are not subject to these regulations and typically fall into three categories: executive, professional and administrative. Job titles alone are insufficient measures for determining exempt status. Determination is made on the basis of salary, job duties and responsibilities. At Case Western Reserve, exempt employees are paid monthly; nonexempt employees are paid semi-monthly.