Loan repayment may seem too far away to even think about, but the more you understand the issues discussed, the better prepared you will be when repayment begins. Once you graduate from medical school and enter your residency program you will receive a salary and your financial profile will change significantly. You will finally be earning an income! However, your responsibilities to your lenders, who have a claim to some of this new income, will also increase.
The key factor is to maintain contact with the holders or servicers of your loans. By keeping your lenders informed of your status, and particularly of any financial problems you are having, you will be able to use one or more of the following options to help you survive the residency years. These options include:
The period of time that begins the day a student borrower ceases to be enrolled at least half-time (or full-time as required by the individual school), during which repayment of a loan is postponed per the original agreement. Grace periods are automatic (you do not have to apply for them) and can last from three to nine months, depending on the original terms of the loan. The repayment period begins on the day that the grace period ends.
A specified and limited period of time during which payments on principal and/or interest are postponed while the loan is in good standing; deferments can, in some cases, be granted for residency and further study. Deferments are not automatic. You must apply for deferment and the lender must formally approve them.
If a borrower is willing but financially unable to make the required payments on a Federal Direct Loan, he or she may request the lender to grant forbearance. Forbearance means permitting the temporary cessation of payments unless the borrower requests forbearance as an extension of time for making payments, or in order to make smaller payments than were previously scheduled. The lender may grant forbearance of principal, interest, or both. Upon written request, lenders are required to grant forbearance to medical residents, renewable at 12-month intervals for the duration of residency. Interest accrues during forbearance and the borrower is responsible for paying all accrued interest.
Under no circumstance should you ignore your financial problems. Open mail and return calls from your Loan Servicer to avoid defaulting on any of your student loans. Default will result in legal actions that will have severe consequences for many years, both professionally and personally.
A repayment plan is a schedule which outlines the total principal and interest due, a monthly payment amount, and the number of payments required to repay the loan in full. It also restates the interest rate for the loan(s), any schedule for changes in the interest rate if the rate is variable, the due date of the first payment, and the frequency of payments.
Budgeting for loan payments will require a detailed review of your payment schedule to determine the amount of your monthly payments. Since some of your loans will have variable interest rates, you will have to select an average rate for your calculations. You can estimate your monthly loan payment(s) by using the student loan calculator.